ENZYMES Questions with Answers

ENZYMES Questions with Answers - ENZYMES A DEFINITION...

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ENZYMES A. DEFINITION Enzymes – are biological catalyst 1. ACTIVATION Enzymes are activate by taking two substrates and converting them into a product . - chemical reaction takes place inside of the body 2. LAW OF MASS ACTION Law of mass action, law stating that the rate of any chemical reaction is proportional to the product of the masses of the reacting substances, with each mass raised to a power equal to the coefficient that occurs in the chemical equation. 3. ENZYME-SUBSTRATE COMPLEX Substrates have to be complex shapes ; they must fit . The substrates undergoes a chemical reaction and the substrates create a bond to form a product . B. CHARACTERISTICS OF ENZYMATIC ACTIVITY All enzymes are proteins. increases the rate of the reaction. Enzymes possess great catalytic power. 1. SPECIFICITY A few enzymes exhibit absolute specificity; that is, they will catalyze only one particular reaction. Other enzymes will be specific for a particular type of chemical bond or functional group. In general, there are four distinct types of specificity: Absolute specificity - the enzyme will catalyze only one reaction.
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