Evaluate_the_Cases_for_and_Against_Promo - 1 Evaluate the...

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1 Evaluate the cases for and against promoting democracy in state-building after war. In the context of state building, democracy is often considered an important part creating stability and the conditions for generating economic growth in the long term. In state-building after war, there are a number of challenges ranging from ethnic tensions to weak economic growth that threaten the sustainability of any democratic system. In evaluating the cases for and against promoting democracy in state building after war, I argue that in the context of development, the role of democracy in facilitating growth is not clear and institutional development is more important towards building a stable state and facilitating long term growth. The ideas behind promoting democracy in state-building have their origins in the 1990s during a period in which a wave of democratisation across Africa and the end of the Cold War engaged many new countries with the process of developing democratic systems. However following the launch of the “War on Terror” in 2001, the issue of democratisation and state building would emerge within the context of security and would be framed as part of a development initiative designed to make better states and contain forms of political instability in the Global South. Such development framework security initiatives would be proposed in reports such as the 2003 Human Security Now! Report that put forward the concept of human security and development arguing for better governance through democratic institutions as a facilitator of development and security. i In 2005 the Fragile States Index (formerly the failed states index) was formed in order to measure and quantify the risk of each country falling in to conflict and instability with state legitimacy and human rights placed as prominent indicators ii . Amartya Sen puts forward a case for the importance of democracy in state building. Sen largely looks at development in terms of freedoms and capabilities and argues against the idea that economic needs ought to take precedence over capabilities. He posits that for the process of development and growth to be achieved, recognition of the interconnectedness between political freedoms and the understanding and fulfilment of economic needs must be made. This is on the basis that political freedoms can have a major role in promoting incentives and information in the solution of acute economic needs iii . He argues further that our conceptualisation of economic needs depends critically on open public debates and discussions which can only be guaranteed through the insistence on basic political liberty and civil rights. As such, democracy has an instrumental role in enhancing the means of people in expressing and supporting their claims to political attention including claims of economic needs iv .
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