Weber_Veblen_ve_Ahmed_Midhat_Efendinin_K

Weber_Veblen_ve_Ahmed_Midhat_Efendinin_K - KurumSI1llktisat...

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KurumSI1llktisat Veblen, T., "Why is Economics Not an Evolutionary Science?'', Cambridge journal of Economics, 22, 1998,403-414. Vromen, ]. ]., Economic Evolution: An Enquiry into the Foun- dations of New Institutional Economics, Routledge, Londra, 1995. Vromen, ]. ]., "Evolutionary Economics: Precursors, Paradig- matic Propositions, Puzzles and Prospects", der. Reijnders, ]., Economics aiJd Evolution, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 1997,41-68. Wallerstein, I., "World System Analysis", der. Giddens, A. ve Turner, ]. T., Social Theory Today, Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, 1987,309-324. Wang,]. ve Wang,]., "An Analysis of New-tech Agglomeration in Beijing: a New Industrial District in the Making?", Envi- ronment and Planning A, 30, 1998, 681-701. Veblen, Weber ve Ahmet Midhat Efendi'nin Kahramanlan D. Taner Kllzn(:oglu · l.G~ Kurumsallktisat modern toplumun karma~1khgm1 anlama yolunda verilen bilimsel ugra~a yapt1g1 kimi ozgun ve tu- tarh katk1larla yirminci ylizyilda one <;;Ikmi~ ve onde kal- masml bilmi~ bir du~unce ak1m1dlr. Ozellikle bu okulun 6ncusu Thorstein Veblen'den (1857-1929) ba~layarak, mo- dern <;;agm 6nemli toplumsal ger<;;eklerinden biri olan tli- ketim kulturunun anla~Ilmas1 yolunda Kurumsallktisat'm <;;ok 6nemli tezleri vard1r. Ornegin Veblen'in iktisat yazml- na tamup yaygmla~urd1g1 'gosteri~li tuketim' (conspicuous consumption) kavram1, genel tliketim davram~lanmn an- la~Ilmasmda hemen her toplumsal s1mf i<;;in kullamlabile- cek <;;ok 6nemli bir anahtard1r. Ortaya at1lan bir kuramm ge<;;erliligini dogrulamak, dogal bilimlerde <;;e~itli deneyler ve gozlem yoluyla daha olas1yken, toplumsal bilimlerde bunu yapabilmek en iyim- ser yarg1yla <;;ok <;;etin, daha ger<;;ek<;;i bit ba~la ise olanak- 1441
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Kurumsallktisat sizdir. Toplumsal bir kavramm yararhhgm1 ya da kuramm ge~erliligini anlayabilmek i~in birbirinden ~ok degi;;ik ve elden geldigince ~ok saYidaki toplumsal yapiYI incelemek zorunlu, ama bir o kadar da gu~ ve sab1r isyteyen bir i;;tir. Bu ~ah;;mada, boylesi bir katk1 yonunde bir ad1m at1lmas1 amadanmaktadir. (:ah;;mam1zda, Kurumsal Iktisat'm ve ozellikle bu ak1mm oncusu olan Thorstein Veblen'in iktisat kuramma kazandud1g1 'gosteri;;li tuketim' kavrammm genel olarak toplumsal ya:;;amdaki onemini vurgulamak i~in bu kavra- mm geli;;tigi kulturel baglamdan ~ok farkh bir ortamda or- taya pkan bir ornek uzerinde durmak amacmdaYIZ. Bu ama~la, ondokuzuncu yllzYil Osmanh yazmmm en onemli isimlerinden olan Ahmet Midhat Efendi'nin (1844-1912) ~ah;;malanndan yararlanacag1z. Ahmet Midhat Efendi'nin bu ~ah;;maya konu ahnmas1 birka~ yonden onemlidir. Birincisi, Veblen'in ya;;ad1g1 top- luma hi~ benzemeyen bir ulkede, Osmanh lmparatorlu- gu'nda kar;;1m1za ~1kan orneklerden yola ~1kmak, Kurum- sal lktisat ~ozumlemelerinin evrenselligini gostermek a~I- smdan ~okyararh olacakt1r. Ikincisi, Ahmet Midhat, eri;;- tigi okuyucu kitlesinin geni;;ligi nedeniyle ~ok ses getirmi;; yazmsal yapnlannda ya;;ad1g1 ~agm Osmanh (ozellikle Is- tanbul) ya;;amm1 tum toplumsalhg1 i~inde en iyi yansnan yazarlardan biridir.
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