International_Agricultural_markets_after -...

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DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO ISSN 2174 4912 INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AFTER THE WAR, 1945 1960 Ángel Luis González, Vicente Pinilla and Raúl Serrano DT AEHE Nº1513 Octubre 2015 This paper is protected by a a Creative Commons licence: Attribution NonCommercial NonDerivativeWork. The details of the licence can be consulted here: nc nd/3.0/deed.en
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DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO ISSN 2174 4912 . 2 INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL MARKETS AFTER THE WAR, 1945 1960 Ángel Luis González , Vicente Pinilla and Raúl Serrano DT 1513, October 2015 JEL: F13, N50, N70, Q17 I ABSTRACT The objective of the present study is to offer a general overview of the evolution of international trade in agricultural and food products between 1945 and 1960. The developed countries not only maintained policies of stimulating agricultural production implemented during the war, but also deepened their intervention and support with regard to the agricultural sector. The culmination of such policies was, in the case of Western Europe, the creation of the European Economic Community in 1957 and the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy. This was one of the first community wide policies and had a notable impact on international agricultural trade.To achieve the objective proposed we concentrate on two principal themes. On the one hand a reconstruction will be performed of the international flows of agricultural trade for that period. Furthermore, we shall attempt to analyse the principal determinants of the development of agricultural trade, paying special attention to the political economy which led to the taking of crucial decisions for its evolution, such as its exclusion from the GATT agreements. Keywords : Agrifood trade, GATT, Agricultural protectionism, Agricultural trade policies, Post war agricultural policies. RESUMEN El objetivo de este trabajo es ofrecer una visión general de la evolución del comercio internacional de productos agroalimentarios entre 1945 y 1960.Durante este periodo, los países desarrollados no sólo mantuvieron las políticas de estímulo a la producción que habían implementado durante la guerra, sino que profundizaron el intervencionismo e incrementaron la protección de sus sectores agrícolas. La culminación de esas políticas fue, en el caso de Europa Occidental, la creación de la Comunidad Económica Europea en 1957 y la implementación de la Política Agraria Común. Esta fue una de las primeras políticas comunitarias y tuvo un impacto notable en el comercio internacional agrario. Para lograr el objetivo propuesto, nos centramos en dos temas principales. Por una parte se realiza una reconstrucción de los principales flujos comerciales agroalimentarios durante este periodo. Por la otra, tratamos de analizar los principales determinantes del desarrollo de este comercio, prestando especial atención a la economía política que llevó a la toma de decisiones cruciales para su evolución, como por ejemplo la exclusión de la agricultura del Acuerdo General sobre Aranceles Aduaneros y Comercio (GATT).
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  • Fall '11
  • Arthur
  • Speak, agricultural trade, Western  Europe

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