History_as_if_Nature_Matters_Introductio

History_as_if_Nature_Matters_Introductio - Capitalism in...

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Capitalism in the Web of Life Ecology and the Accumulation of Capital Jason W. Moore 9781781689028 Capitalism and the Web of Life (406i) final pass.indd iii 9781781689028 Capitalism and the Web of Life (406i) final pass.indd iii 19/06/2015 13:30:50 19/06/2015 13:30:50
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CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ix INTRODUCTION: The Double Internality: History as if Nature Matters 1 PART I: FROM DUALISM TO DIALECTICS: CAPITALISM AS WORLD-ECOLOGY 1. From Object to Oikeios : Environment-Making in the Capitalist World-Ecology 33 2. Value in the Web of Life 51 3. Towards a Singular Metabolism: From Dualism to Dialectics in the Capitalist World-Ecology 75 PART II: historical capitalism, HISTORICAL NATURE 4. The Tendency of the Ecological Surplus to Fall 91 5. The Capitalization of Nature, or, The Limits of Historical Nature 111 6: World-Ecological Revolutions: From Revolution to Regime 141 PART III: HISTORICAL NATURE AND THE ORIGINS OF CAPITAL 7. Anthropocene or Capitalocene?: On the Nature and Origins of Our Ecological Crisis 169 8. Abstract Social Nature and the Limits to Capital 193 PART IV: THE RISE AND DEMISE OF CHEAP NATURE 9. Cheap Labor?: Time, Capital, and the Reproduction of Human Nature 221 10. The Long Green Revolution: The Life and Times of Cheap Food in the Long Twentieth Century 241 CONCLUSION: The End of Cheap Nature? 291 Index 307 9781781689028 Capitalism and the Web of Life (406i) final pass.indd vii 9781781689028 Capitalism and the Web of Life (406i) final pass.indd vii 19/06/2015 13:30:50 19/06/2015 13:30:50
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Introduction The Double Internality: History as if Nature Matters We must recognize in materialism the enthusiastic effort to transcend the dual- ism which postulates two diff erent worlds as equally substantial and true, [and] to nullify this tearing asunder of what is originally One. (Hegel, 1971) The human prospect in the twenty-first century is not an altogether happy one. From the outset, our future can be specified at two levels of abstraction. The first is humanity-in-nature. Human engagement with the rest of nature has, over the past decade, reached the point “where abrupt global environmental change can no longer be excluded.” 1 The second is capitalism-in-nature. The unfolding crisis of neoliberal capitalism—now in between the signal crisis of 2008 and the unpre- dictable but inevitable onset of terminal crisis—suggests we may be seeing something very diff erent from the familiar pattern. That pattern is one in which new technologies and new organizations of power and production emerged after great systemic crises, and resolved the older crises by putting nature to work in powerful new ways. The neoliberal revolution after the 1970s is only the most recent example. Today, however, it is increasingly diffi cult to get nature— including human nature—to yield its “free gifts” on the cheap. This indicates we may be experiencing not merely a transition from one phase of capitalism to another, but something more epochal: the breakdown of the strategies and rela- tions that have sustained capital accumulation over the past five centuries.
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