Prudhoe_Castle_Northumberland_the_animal

Prudhoe_Castle_Northumberland_the_animal - Ancient...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

Ancient Monuments Laboratory Report 162/87 PRUDHOE CASTLE: A REPORT ON THE ANIMAL REMAINS. Simon J M Davis AML reports are interim reports which make available the results of specialist investigations in advance of full publication They are not subject to external refereeing and their conclusions may sometimes have to be modified in the light of archaeological information that was not available at the time of the investigation. Readers are therefore asked to consult the author before citing the report in any publication and to consult the final excavation report when available. Opinions expressed in AML reports are those of the author and are not necessarily those of the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Ancient Monuments Laboratory Report 162/87 PRUDHOE CASTLE: A REPORT ON THE ANIMAL REMAINS. Simon J M Davis Summary This report describes animal remains from the eleventh to nineteenth centuries AD at Prudhoe Castle, Northumbe- rland, England. Most are cattle, sheep, and pig and are probably kitchen/ butchery waste. Sheep became more common during and after the mid-sixte- enth - 1630 and pig "apparently" declined in importance after the late fourteenth - late fifteenth century. There 'II·as out, and Prudhoe. an unexplained abundance of pig heads through- of cattle ankle bones in the early periods at A lack of sheep foot bones is also noteworthy. Many of the cattle were probably retired work/ milk animals, and several deformed distal metatarsals reflect the excessive stress to which these animals had been put. The proportion of young cattle slaughtered increased slightly in the sixteenth century and afterwards, while in the later periods the number of older sheep increased - perhaps (together with their increased numbers) reflecting the growth of the wool industry in England. The sheep at Prudhoe were small, and together with the pigs, did not undergo any average size change. However, between the fourteenth and seventeenth centuries cattle increased in size. Author's address :- Department of Zoology University College Gower Street London WC1 ~ Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England
Image of page 2
Prudoel PRUDHOE CASTLE - A REPORT ON THE ANIMAL REMAINS Simon 3.M. Davis Prudhoe castle is situated south of the river Tyne in Northumberland, northern England. The first const~11ction at Prudhoe dates from the late ~leventh century AD when it was probabiy settled by 3 Nornlan family, the Umfravilles. and it has been in mor~ or less continuous oj~cupation since then. The castle has resist~d two attacks by William of Scotland. Laurence Keen and David ThackraYl at the requ~st of cn~ Ins?ectorate of Ancient Monuments, DeQartment of the Snvironment, excavated the Inner Ward of the castle between 1972 and 1981 'see for example Keen, 1983). 12 occupation "phases" have been ~ecognised at Prudhoe and their dates are given below. I was asked to examine the animal remains J and what follows 15 a report of my findin~s.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '11
  • Arthur
  • Molar, Tarsus

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern