Lang_Fafa_Dampha_2014_The_United_Nations

Lang_Fafa_Dampha_2014_The_United_Nations - Reseñas LANG...

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Unformatted text preview: Reseñas LANG FAFA DAMPHA, The United Nations, the Bretton Woods Institutions and African Reconstruction, L´Harmattan, Paris, 2014, 165 pp., ISBN: 978-2-34304585-6. Studies on institutional development on the African continent after World War II are in a phase of relative growth. The contributions of the institutionalism               generated a stream of interesting researches on issues of economic development in the long run. This work of Dampha is oriented towards the institutional                                         !    "            #   $               the impact on Africa of the great political and economic institutions created after World War II. The thesis defended so clear throughout the book focuses on the African continent abandonment of the great guidelines that laid the foundations %        &                              reach. The marginalization of the African continent in these institutions would  &    '     *            +*  theory advocated by Walter Rodney in the 1970s. , /           ,    /                                                         5   6   especially the Security Council. The second chapter provides an overview of the 8  ; !                 <   policies applied in Africa and its impact on social and economic welfare in the long term. =      "/          socio-economic structure caused by the colonial occupation. The author highlights   *                                 >? *  "@B>@     to the community leboue on the peninsula of Cape Verde. Dampha highlights the key role played by colonial institutions and the weight of slavery in developing        *    @F                 H ,   J        colonization and post-colonial relationships are designated as an element that has /                    'H  ,                  /                       /                    *                        >??K    MBBBBB    /   !          H   O                  *  A stability that is not representative in its permanent members who enjoy veto Copyright: © 2014 ULPGC. Este es un artículo de acceso abierto distribuido bajo los términos de la licencia Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar (by-nc-nd) Spain 3.0. 427 Reseñas privilege in the agreed resolutions. The African continent is not represented in             '       ;       grouped also in other institutions of great international importance such as theM@>           O   5   6   ^              #;   $      = _      5   =5          `    >??X                   H   O           Y      <  ,                   >??B          5 >??K      the structure of agricultural subsidies in industrialized countries. According to              ;                            in unequal trading formulas promoted by the World Trade Organization (WTO) MM'?>H         /    (TRIPS) are a hindrance to the development of national health systems in countries       ,                     *     /        treatment. The last major health crisis in Africa with Ebola epidemic (2013-2014) has revealed the inadequacy of resources available on the ground and the slow response of the international institutions to provide a coordinated and effective response. The second part of the book focuses on the role played by the Bretton Woods                            *              `     *              *       this model persisted: “African countries during colonization specialized almost essentially in growing           H   The growth of the economies of these countries was thus determined by the &                /  the inevitable consequence of monoculture. During colonization the majority             |                                     } "             *          but the colonial policy which almost coerced Africans to abandon the production            *            *            *               ' lasting negative impact on African economies whose legacy is still present” (p.98). ,   *                  !        !                         <         !+^   World Bank in the 1980s and 1990s have been a serious challenge to economic 428 Q  >F@B>F[email protected]'KFB!HH6Y>>ZZ'F?M[ Reseñas    ,    _                 *          _                  *    drop between 1977 and 2001. The issue has also been highlighted by the specialists        %/ ~   + /@B>@YMM'>BF         !         *                 Y   represents the technical bankruptcy and failure to pay the debt with creditors. ^                  *   debt to be paid by the African states which moved from 3-4% above the 18%   >?XB >?MB" *            on regional economies and how these effects have prevented sustained economic   +          *              !     "            >?€B    /     ;  8 /                      <       !         the limited impact of these progressive policies against structural adjustment  !       !+^    /             =       J              development of nations after the application of structural adjustment plans under   ,              #;     $        especially from the point of view of human development indicators (p.110). The neoliberal “recipe” imposed on these plans often neglected the local-regional factors (embeddedness     <           structure. The share of the lion of the negative consequences of these plans often    /                    ,      <    _           privatization of public companies is part of the neoliberal strategy imposed from                                    ^   " _                       !+^        5H (main contributor) has between 17 and 20 percent of the vote in the decision/ ,            H  5    B?    >@@;                      Y5  H     %5   O    >@F ,                               according to the statutory principles agreed at Bretton Woods. These agreements            <              /            8          J         >?€B          6    H     'H        "            international order based on cooperation policies between countries: a multilateral Q  >F@B>F[email protected]'KFB!HH6Y>>ZZ'F?M[ 429 Reseñas representative system that ensures a balanced distribution of wealth and incomes    ,                      |/ +‚   [[!          J                  <     >?MB          &        ^                           *      _         ,  /            /  /`                 J     *     "  O `  Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria !    5     ƒ , *   [email protected] ELISABETH VALLET (ed.), Borders, Fences and Walls. State of Insecurity?, Ashgate, Farnham, Surrey, 2014, 298 pp., ISBN: 978-1-4724-2966-7. CHIARA BRAMBILLA, GIANLUCA BOCCI, JUSSI LAINE y JAMES W. SCOTT (eds.), Borderscaping: Imaginations and Practices of Border Making, Ed. Ashgate, 2015, 278 pp., ISBN: 978-1-4724-5146-0. Cuando pensamos en qué consiste una frontera nos viene enseguida a la mente la idea de una raya discontinua dibujada sobre un mapa de cartón que separa     ƒ    ~         físico concreto dotado de personalidad propia que trasciende en el imaginario          …  ƒ            †      *  6      al espacio fronterizo que puede adquirir la dimensión de una región situada en la      J  <     †   …    Estados como límite cerrado de su territorio (REITEL y ZANDER@B>K% …  …  ‡               convertirse en auténticos guardianes de la soberanía y están señalados por hitos y …  …            LÓPEZ TRIGAL@B>FY@F?'@€B1 ~      _            …J      †       J   %   <    … J    ˆ     J         ƒ…  económicas y hasta la propia rutina cotidiana. Una frontera constituye una        †     J ƒƒ LÓPEZ TRIGAL, L. (dir.):                  5     ~ † ~ † @B>F 1 430 Q  >F@B>F[email protected]'KFB!HH6Y>>ZZ'F?M[ ...
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