Vis_unita_fortior_1842_._Francesco_Reste

Vis_unita_fortior_1842_._Francesco_Reste - VIS UNITA...

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__________________________________________________________________________________ Italian Review of Legal History, 1 (2015), n. 12, pag. 1-20. Registrazione presso il Tribunale di Milano n. 227/2015 Contatti: via Festa del Perdono 7 - 20122 Milano - [email protected] 1 VIS UNITA FORTIOR (1842). FRANCESCO RESTELLI AND THE DEBATE OVER COMPANIES IN LOMBARDY Valeria Belloni Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi [email protected] Abstract: In Lombardy during the Restoration era the legal science tends to co ncentrate on the codes’ content and to be influenced by the French one. This inclination is even stronger in the field of commercial law as the Austrians had decided not to abrogate the Code de commerce in the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. Against this background, it is remarkable that in 1842 the Istituto Lombardo chooses a theme for its “premio scientifico biennale” that spurs the competitors to deal with company law with a critical approach. Among the submitted entries, Francesco Restelli’s one is the most interesting: he drew up a veritable alternative to title III, book I of the Commercial Code. Keywords: Companies; Commercial law; Commercial code; Istituto Lombardo; kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia Table of contents: 1. Introduction: the Code de commerce in Austrian Lombardy. 2. The contest announced by the Istituto Lombardo Accademia di Scienze e Lettere in 1842. 3. Vis unita fortior : the winning entry. 4. Conclusions.
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VALERIA BELLONI __________________________________________________________________________________ Italian Review of Legal History, 1 (2015), n. 12, pag. 1-22. Registrazione presso il Tribunale di Milano n. 227/2015 Contatti: via Festa del Perdono 7 - 20122 Milano - [email protected] 2 1. Introduction: The Code de commerce in Austrian Lombardy. The Austrians broke with the well-established tradition of preserving uniformity in their domains when they issued the Sovrana Risoluzione (Sovereign Resolution) of 23 December 1816. By doing so, they chose to maintain the Napoleonic commercial code in the Italian territories 1 , though not in its entirety: bankruptcy, commercial litigation procedure and maritime law would be partially regulated by the Habsburg empire 2 . This peculiar situation led to the atypical development of both the doctrine itself and the way that the law governing ‘commercial acts 3 was actually enforced in the region. Scholars and experts were working with ____________________ 1 A. Padoa Schioppa, La codificaz ione commercialistica nell’Italia preunitaria , in Saggi di storia del diritto commerciale , Milano 1992, pp. 142-143, Italian version of the first part of Italien, Handelsrecht , in Handbuch der Quellen und Literatur der neuren europäischen Privatrechtsgeschichte , H. Coing (ed.), III/3, München 1986, pp. 3209-3233. On the origin and content of the Code de commerce , see A. Padoa Schioppa, Napoleone e il «code de commerce» , in Studi in onore di Cesare Grassetti , Milano 1982, II, pp. 3152-3187, in Diritto e potere nella storia europea , Atti del quarto Congresso internazionale della Società italiana di storia del diritto, Firenze 1982, pp. 1041-1067, and in Saggi di storia (1), pp. 89-112; Id., Codificazione e legislazione commercialistica in Francia (1778-1915) , in Saggi di storia (1), pp.
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