J._Pakkanen_The_Economics_of_Shipshed_Co

J._Pakkanen_The_Economics_of_Shipshed_Co - THE ECONOMICS OF...

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THE ECONOMICS OF SHIPSHED COMPLEXES ZEA, A CASE STUDY Jari Pakkanen This version is based on author’s final manuscript and there are some small differences between the final publication and this text: e.g. the numbering of the footnotes is continuous here, but in the published text the tables have alphabetical references to notes. The figures are at the end of the file, and Figures A5.3 and A5.4 are in colour in contrast to the black-and-white publication. For the published paper, please consult the following publication: J. Pakkanen, ‘The Economics of Shipshed Complexes: Zea, a Case Study’, in D. Blackman, B. Rankov, K. Baika, H. Gerding & J. Pakkanen, Shipsheds of the Ancient Mediterranean , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2013, 55 75. INTRODUCTION Studies of the economy of Greek architectural programmes have one significant advantage over other categories of archaeological data: unlike the great majority of ancient artefacts, most public buildings in well-excavated poleis have left some traces in the material record. Also, because of the conservative nature of Greek architecture, most buildings can be quite reliably reconstructed even based on relatively little data. 1 The purpose of this chapter is to present a model of how the supply of building materials and the construction process of a very large-scale Classical building programme in the military harbours of the Piraeus can be quantified. By 330/329 BC the total number of shipsheds had reached 372 and even though it was one of the very large public undertakings of the polis of Athens, textbooks on Greek architecture are surprisingly quiet about this category of monumental construction. 2 The analyses presented here should provide the data for future considerations of the economic and social importance of building and maintaining the shipshed complexes of the Athenian fleet. 3 In addition to archaeological remains, ancient Greek building accounts give a wealth of detailed evidence on Classical and Hellenistic building: 4 this comparative data has been previously used by Michael Clark in his PhD on the economy of the navy and its harbour installations in fourth-century Athens. 5 Alison Burford’s The Greek Temple Builders at Epidauros (1969) is a classic example of how much economic and social information can be derived from the inscriptions, and Janet DeLaine’s The Baths of Caracalla (1997) uses extensively the archaeological data supplemented by ancient and sixteenth- to nineteenth- 1 Cf. Salmon 2001: 195. 2 E.g. Dinsmoor (1950: 242) dedicates one very brief paragraph to a general description of the shipsheds; in his volume on Athenian building policy Boersma (1970: 80) is even more laconic, giving the following description of the 5th-c. developments in the Piraeus under ‘minor works’: ‘the growth of the fleet necessitated the building of dockyards and the maintenance of the harbours’. For a discussion of shipsheds as monumental architecture, see Lentini, Blackman and Pakkanen 2008: 354 7.
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  • Fall '11
  • Arthur
  • Economics, Litre, Cubic metre, Piraeus, Foundation blocks, Zea

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