Marine Environment - Insert Surname1 Name Course No...

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Insert Surname1 Name: Course No: Instructor: Date: PHYTOPLANKTON BLOOMS Phytoplankton bloom is a phenomenon characterized by an explosive growth of the phytoplankton population over a short period of time. Phytoplankton forms a major and significant part of the marine environment. They are microscopic organisms that live in both the salty and fresh water bodies. Phytoplankton includes protists, some bacteria and mostly unicellular plants. They synthesize chemical energy via photosynthesis using sunlight captured by their chlorophyll just like most land plants. Their growth is dependent on the availability of sunlight, carbon dioxide and nutrients. They also require nutrients like phosphate, nitrate, calcium and silicate at various levels based on the species. Phytoplankton blooms occur when the conditions required for their growth are met (Lindsey Rebecca and Scott Michon). Why phytoplankton blooms would be a good thing for marine environment. Phytoplankton are the primary producers in the aquatic food web. They directly or indirectly feed every living organism from microscopic, zooplankton to the multi-ton whales. The small fish graze on phytoplankton and then the bigger species feed on the smaller animals. During bloom
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