Planning_a_Healthy_DietSP_2016 - Planning a Healthy Diet...

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Planning a Planning a Healthy Diet Healthy Diet
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Nutrition and Health are Nutrition and Health are Closely Related Closely Related About half of all American adults —117 million individuals—have one or more preventable chronic diseases, many of which are related to poor quality eating patterns and physical inactivity. (Source: Dietary Guidelines 2015)
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Overweight and Obesity Overweight and Obesity In 2009-2012 65% of adult females and 73% of adult males are overweight or obese. In 2009-2012, nearly one in three youth ages 2 to 19 years were overweight or obese. (Source: Dietary Guidelines 2015)
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Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) In 2010, CVD affected 84 million men and women ages 20 years and older (35% of the population). In 2009-2012, almost 56 % of adults ages 18 years or older had either prehypertension or hypertension. In 2009-2012, 100 million adults ages 20 years or older(53%) had total cholesterol levels greater than 200mg/dl (Source: Dietary Guidelines 2015)
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Diabetes Diabetes 29.1 million people or 9.3% of the U.S. population have diabetes. Diabetes can affect many parts of the body and is associated with serious complications, such as heart disease and stroke, blindness, kidney failure, and lower- limb amputation. Blood pressure and lipid management, along with smoking cessation, are especially important in reducing the occurrence of these and other complications . (Source:2014 National Diabetes Statistics Repor t)
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Cancer Cancer Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States-26.8% Lung cancer is the most preventable form of cancer death in the world. (Source: Cancer Facts & Figures 2014) Women smokers are 25.7 times more likely than women who never smoked to develop lung cancer. For men smokers, it’s 25 times the risk of men who never smoked. (Source: US Surgeon General Report 2014)
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Cancer Cancer Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States- 8.4%. (Source: Dietary Guidelines 2015) Breast cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States- 6.8%. (Source: Dietary Guidelines 2015)
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Bone Health-Osteoporosis Bone Health-Osteoporosis In 2005-2010, approximately 10 million (10%) adults ages 50 years and older had osteoporosis 43 million (44%) had low bone mass. (Source: Dietary Guidelines 2015)
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What constitutes a healthy diet?
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Nutrient Recommendations Nutrient Recommendations Well designed research have enabled scientists to study the action of nutrients in the body this research has laid foundation for quantifying how much of each nutrient we need Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) EAR- Estimated Average Requirements RDA- Recommended Dietary Allowance AI- Adequate Intakes UL- Tolerable Upper Intake Levels
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The Challenge of Choosing The Challenge of Choosing Food Food Typical consumption Fruits 2/3 Vegetables3/4 Types of foods 500 -50,000 Fast, processed, functional, staple Whole foods
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