Burley2000_ Metis Log Architecture - Creolization and Late...

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Creolization and Late Nineteenth Century Métis Vernacular Log Architecture on the South Saskatchewan River Author(s): David Burley Source: Historical Archaeology, Vol. 34, No. 3, Evidence of Creolization in the Consumer Goods of an Enslaved Bahamiam Family (2000), pp. 27-35 Published by: Society for Historical Archaeology Stable URL: . Accessed: 05/07/2013 21:08 Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at . . JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact [email protected] . Society for Historical Archaeology is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Historical Archaeology. This content downloaded from 169.229.32.136 on Fri, 5 Jul 2013 21:08:58 PM All use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions
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27 David Burley Creolization and Late Nineteenth Century Metis Vernacular Log Architecture on the South Saskatchewan River ABSTRACT The ethnogenesis of Metis peoples of the western Canadian plains and parklands involved a creolizing process in which cultural traits from many different groups were adopted. An analysis of Metis vernacular log architecture on the South Saskatchewan River illustrates this clearly with individual building components derived from a number of different sources. These structural features are likened to the words of Michif, the Metis language, and their analysis informs upon Metis history and cultural interactions. The final building form, however, can be understood only through the grammar by which it was constructed. This grammar is configured by a Metis worldview that is organic and unbounded. The applicability of a linguistic analogy for the study of creolization is emphasized throughout. Introduction European imperialism of the 17th- through 19th-centuries brought many different cultures into contact. Interactions of these cultures often resulted in the emergence of hybrid or creole societies. A prime example of this is the Metis peoples of the western Canadian plains and parklands. Having a mixed ancestry derived from European and Native American cultures, the Metis developed in the 1800s as an integrated ethnic group with political aspirations. Material technologies and social attributes from both sides of their ancestry were forged into a coherent whole that can only be described as distinctively Metis. This integration is witnessed in every aspect of Metis life, from social organization to the mundane elements of their material world.
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