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Unformatted text preview: Tianxia * Three Zones in the traditional Chinese world order: --Sinic Zone --Inner Asian Zone--Outer zone II. The Question of Sinocentrism 1. Definition of Sinocentrism * Geographical implications: Zhongguo 盖盖 , or the Middle Kingdom * Political implications: charismatic authority of the emperor (the Son of Heaven) * Cultural implications: China’s superiority over all other nations and cultures 2. Chinese-Barbarian ( Hua-Yi 盖盖 ) Distinction * Categories of barbarians: Yi 盖 , Man 盖 , Rong 盖 , and Di 盖 * Ethnical discrimination and anti-foreignism: Zhu Yuanzhang ( 盖盖盖 )’s Call for Arms * Examples of non-Chinese barbarians: Black Devil and Japanese Man III. Tributary System vs. Treaty System 1. Main characters of the tributary system and the treaty system 2. Example for analysis: Chinese and Western accounts on the imperial reception of Western ambassadors by Emperor Tongzhi in 1873 3. Reflections on s ubjectivity and c ontextuality in cross-cultural representations...
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- Spring '16
- Qing Dynasty, Tianxia, I. Heaven