Jan 27_Class notes

Jan 27_Class notes - Tianxia Three Zones in the traditional...

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CCCH9004 January 27 Tianxia : Traditional Chinese Mind of the World I. Heaven, Earth, and “All under Heaven” ( Tianxia 天天 ) 1. Image of “Round Heaven and Square Earth” * “Heaven is round like a canopy,” “earth is square like a chessboard” * Three models of the universe: Gaitian 盖盖 (Canopy Heaven); Huntian 盖盖 (Round Heaven); Xuanye 盖盖 (Great Void) 客客客 客客 客客客客客客客客客客 客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客 客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客客 * Connection with the Yin-Yang thought 2. Chinese understanding of Tian (heaven) * Heaven as a supernatural force; the ultimate source of goodness and morality * Son of Heaven ( Tianzi 盖盖 ); Mandate of Heaven ( Tianming 盖盖 ) 3. Chinese understanding of “All under Heaven” * Fairbank’s definition of
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Unformatted text preview: Tianxia * Three Zones in the traditional Chinese world order: --Sinic Zone --Inner Asian Zone--Outer zone II. The Question of Sinocentrism 1. Definition of Sinocentrism * Geographical implications: Zhongguo 盖盖 , or the Middle Kingdom * Political implications: charismatic authority of the emperor (the Son of Heaven) * Cultural implications: China’s superiority over all other nations and cultures 2. Chinese-Barbarian ( Hua-Yi 盖盖 ) Distinction * Categories of barbarians: Yi 盖 , Man 盖 , Rong 盖 , and Di 盖 * Ethnical discrimination and anti-foreignism: Zhu Yuanzhang ( 盖盖盖 )’s Call for Arms * Examples of non-Chinese barbarians: Black Devil and Japanese Man III. Tributary System vs. Treaty System 1. Main characters of the tributary system and the treaty system 2. Example for analysis: Chinese and Western accounts on the imperial reception of Western ambassadors by Emperor Tongzhi in 1873 3. Reflections on s ubjectivity and c ontextuality in cross-cultural representations...
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