Mar 23_Class notes

Mar 23_Class notes - CCCH9004 Mar 23 Writings about the...

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CCCH9004 Mar. 23 Writings about the West by Chinese Sojourners I. Sino-centric Terminology in 15 th -Century Writings on Xiyang , 1. Ming Admiral Zheng He ( 鄭鄭 )’s expeditions (1405-1433) to Xiyang (the Western Ocean) 2. Official documents regarding Xiyang countries: Emperor Yongle ( 鄭鄭 )’s edict in 1405 3. Travel accounts carrying stereotyped Sino-centric terminology: Gong Zhen ( 鄭鄭 )’s Xiyang fanguo zhi 鄭鄭鄭鄭鄭 ( Barbarian Countries in the Western Ocean ) II. Eccentric Tendency among Ordinary Sojourners to Europe (17 th -18 th Cent.) 1. Historical Background: * Imbalance: several thousand European travelers to China vs. about 100 Chinese travelers to Europe * Identity of the Chinese travelers: exclusively Christian converts, and why? 2. Arcade Huang (Huang Jialue 鄭鄭鄭 , 1679-1716) * Connection with the MEP (Society of Foreign Missions of Paris): travelled with Artus de Lionne (1655-1713) to Rome in 1702; MEP’s stand on the Chinese rites controversy against the Jesuits * Huang’s experiences and life in Europe:
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