Mar 30_Class Notes

Mar 30_Class Notes - Mar 30 Western Masters and Chinese...

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Mar. 30 Western “Masters” and Chinese “Servants”: Canton Foreign Concessions I. Sino-Western Confrontation in the 19 th -century 1. Ideological Confrontation * Change of European views on China from admiration (17 th & 18 th cent.) to contempt (19 th cent.) * Clash of the Eurocentric ideology and the Sinocentric ideology 2. Economic and Military Conflicts * Opium trade: East India Company (1600-1874); imbalanced trade of British cotton and Chinese tea; smuggling of opium; Lin Zexu ( 林林林 )’s anti-opium campaign in Canton * Military conflict: British invasion and defeat of the Qing troops in the Opium War (1839-1842) 3. Treaty System * Treaty of Nanjing (1842): opened five port cities; paid war indemnity (21 million silver dollars) * “Unequal Treaties”: challenge to the old Chinese tributary system; division of spheres of influences; China’s semi-colonial status; main features of the “unequal treaties” and their damage to China’s sovereignty II. From Cohong ( 公公 ) to Shamin ( 公公 ) Concessions in Canton 1. Cohong Days before 1842
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  • Spring '16
  • Guangzhou, First Opium War, Canton Foreign Concessions, I. Sino-Western Confrontation

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