LearningTheoriesComparison_psy405

LearningTheoriesComparison_psy405 - Humanistic Versus...

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Humanistic Versus Learning Theory 1 Humanistic Theory Versus Learning Theory Shilah Etress PSY 405 April 18, 2016 University of Phoenix
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Humanistic Versus Learning Theory 2 Humanistic approach theory refers to the study of the whole person and the uniqueness of each individual. The psychologists in this theory look at human behavior not only through the human behavior but through the persons performing the behavior eyes. The humanistic approach is called the phenomenological which implies that a person is studied his/her personality from a point of view of the individual's subjective experience. This theory developed as a rebellion against other psychologist’s view of limitations of the psychodynamic and behaviorist psychology. This approach is known as the third force after psychoanalysis and behaviorism. The Impact of humanistic psychology can be understood in three major areas which are; in the study of human behavior it offered an expanded horizon of methods of inquiry; in professional practice of psychotherapy a broad range of more effective methods was suffered and lastly a new set of values for approaching an understanding of human nature and condition offered. This theory focuses on noble human capacity to overcome hardship, despair and pain since it is optimistic. The humanistic theories that are involved include the Rogers theory (1959) and Maslow’s theory (1943). Humanistic psychologists argue that a person’s subjective perception understanding of the world is more important to objective reality. Humanism rejects methods like experiments which are scientific methods and uses qualitative research methods.eg open ended questionnaires, unstructured observations and interviews and diary accounts. To know how people think and feel in depth at individual levels, qualitative research methods are important. A lot of methodologies in the humanistic theory exist such as the qualitative methods, informal interviews, case studies, open ended questionnaires and the inter relater/coder
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Humanistic Versus Learning Theory 3 reliability. The features found in the humanistic theory include: the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, free will, holism (which was the study of the whole person), qualitative research, congruence, ideography approach and lastly the self concept which entailed values like self worth, self image, and self actualization. Learning theory on the other hand are conceptual frameworks describing how information absorbed, processed and retained during the process of learning. Here behaviorist advocate a system of rewarding and targets as they look at learning as an aspect of
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