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Test yourself Q's (2nd Midterm).docx - Test yourself Q's...

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Test yourself Q'sLEC 51. Can I locate the emergence of modern terrorism in history? When? Where? For whatcause? Why is terrorism connected to the age of Enlightenment?The aftermath of the French Revolution brought about a period where terror acquired a politicaldefinition with an attempt to kill Napoleon Bonaparte by royalist insurgents. Britain supportedthe Royalist insurgence against the French central government in which the terrorist elementgrew out of the insurgency and guerilla warfare tactics that were being used against thegovernment of France at the time. The encouragement of terrorism by a rival state, the utilizationof a terrorist act as an excuse to crack down on enemies, and the innocent casualties that resultedfrom the attack, namely the death of a fourteen-year-old victim. The first use of the term terrorwas in the 1790’s to describe the repressive French revolutionary state’s terror strategy byrounding up and the guillotine of thousands suspected to be plotting against the king. Theseindividuals were sentenced to death because they were accused of plots against the progress ofevolution and conspiring return to divine rule of kings but there was no evidence. The cause wassecular, anti-religion, anti-monarchy, ideals that were in support of abstract universal notions ofrights and equality.The connection between terrorism and the age of Enlightenment lies in the humanagency thatallows individuals to take action and change the course of history. For philosopher ImmanuelKant the idea that human beings reached a state of maturity in which they no longer feel the needto look up to something beyond themselves allows them the abilityto change their own destiny.Through individuals changing their own destinies they would also in turn have an impact onhistory. The French Revolution afforded individuals at the time a glorified (SYN) reason to makejudgments andin a way change the course ofhistory through their own agency. Philosopher KarlMarx saw that there was a way the individuals could change the course of history and the worldthrough means of individuals taking action themselves. This the reason that terrorists useterrorism, to change the course of history themselves in a way they see fit. They see no other wayto bring about the change they want to see which is why they use violence however this bias isonly an instrument utilized by terrorists in an attempt to justify their actions. Changing the courseof history allows terrorist some liberty over the path the future may take.
2. Can I provide two examples of terrorism in the 19thcentury? Name the type, identify theregion, explain the impact on history, success or lack thereof and actual legacy?
-cause: nationalism (secular)

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Term
Spring
Professor
suman
Tags
Karl Popper, Gavrilo Princip

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