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Unformatted text preview: Test 3 International Organization and Law I)World Order A) Conflict between stats is now settled mostly through cooperation rather than war 1) War is more costly 2) States generally work with each other for mutual gain they generally dont push for maximum short term advantage (i) We could maximize our powers as being last superpower but we dont because that would hurt more than help 3) Self interest B) International order has evolved like domestic law, to be based more in legitimacy and habit rather than power 1) Force isnt necessary to make states cooperate 2) Role of hegemon (i) Creates order to benefit theirselves and sometimes others (ii) Freedom of the seas (a) Dutch 1 st big traders (b) British used naval power of seas to stop people from harassing ships (c) US reinforced it when they became hegemon C) International Norms 1) Expectations held by state leaders about normal internal relations, rooted in moral norms (i) US and UK had plans in case they went to war with each other but now that is inconceivable (ii) Over time, norms become institutionalized and gain legitimacy through habitual use 2) Different expectation of normal (i) Sovereignty is important and if going to violate you have to have great reasons (ii) Now a norm to fight if you feel threatened II)International Organizations (IOs) A) IOs include intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) such as UN and also include nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) like Red Cross 1 1) Number of IOs have grown dramatically since WWII (about 500 IGOs and tens of thousand of NGOs) B) Organizations may be global or regional in scope 1) Regional more effective C) Organizations can be generally very specific for their purpose D) Some notable IOs 1) UN 2) Red Cross 3) World Bank 4) African Union 5) OPEC 6) IOC (Olympics) 7) EU 8) Catholic Church III)United Nations A) Why have it 1) Countries can communicate 2) Mediator B) What is relationship between state sovereignty and the UN 1) Sovereignty create the need for an organization like to manage cooperation 2) Sovereignty also severely limits power of the UN and other IOs IV)Purpose of UN A) Not a world government 1) Members are sovereign states that havent empowered the UN to enforce its will within states territory except with the consent of the states governments 2) Countries can consent to that power (peacekeeping) B) The UNs purpose within limits of sovereignty is to provide a global institutional structure through which states can sometimes settle conflicts with less reliance on the use of force C) UN charter based on 1) States are equal under international law 2) States have full severity over their own affairs...
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course POLI 2057 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '07 term at LSU.
- Spring '07