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Poli 2057 Test 1

Poli 2057 Test 1 - Poli 2057 Test 1 Understanding...

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Poli 2057 Test 1 Understanding International Relations IR and daily life Who and/or what affects IR? o Religion, money, power, international organizations How do you and I affect IR? o Voting, traveling, buying (gas) How IR affects us? o War and employment What is the IR field? 1. Issues Areas- cooperation and conflict  a. Ex: global trade, negotiation, ethnic conflicts, territorial disputes etc. b. 2 subfields: International Security and Internal Political Economy 2. International Security a. Focuses on war and peace  b. Investigates armies, diplomats, treaties, and military power c. Now expanding to include other areas of security: human rights  (Darfur) 3. Internal Political Economy (IEP) a. Counter security studies in importance b. Topics include trade, international finance, multi-national  corporations, debt, foreign aid, and technology 4. In IR almost everything is connected in some way Theories and Methods IR is both a descriptive and theoretical field  o Cuban Missile Crisis o  descriptive study: take all facts and explain why o Theoretical study: generalize from events to predict what will  happen Methods range from detailed data collection to formal modeling o Assign value to outcomes is a type of formal modeling 1
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IR is extremely unpredictable and complex and no one theory or set of  theories has ever been agreed upon There are 3 broad perspectives or world views that can be identified:  conservative, liberal, and revolutionary World Views 1. Conservative World Views a. Values maintenances of the status quo and order, and discounts  the elements of change in IR (change is bad and usually means  conflict) b. States are more important actors and power (especially military) is  the most important  variable c. States live in a system of anarchy (no government – without chaos)  where war is the natural state of being (always conflict) d. International trade is seen as another source of power (also known  as mercantilism) 2. Liberal World View a. Values reform of the status quo through an evolutionary process of  incremental change b. Focuses on benefits gained by interdependence and reciprocity  c. Absolute wealth is more important than relative power (more money  is better for your system rather than compare) d. Liberals value freedom, especially in trade and the exchange of  ideas  e. War is seen not as a natural tendency but as a tragic mistake ,  prevented or minimized by international treaties or organizations
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