PHI 210 Webtext 4.1 - PHI 210 Critical Thinking WebText 4.1 Fallacies SHORT ANSWER QUESTION In the aftermath of a shooting at a local high school Helen

PHI 210 Webtext 4.1 - PHI 210 Critical Thinking WebText 4.1...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 3 pages.

PHI 210 Critical Thinking “WebText” 4.1 “ Fallacies SHORT ANSWER QUESTION In the aftermath of a shooting at a local high school, Helen starts a movement to ban the fluoridation of water in the community. She uses statistics that demonstrate how more school shootings have occurred in the years since fluoride was added to the water. Assuming that this is the only evidence she provides in her argument, explain what fallacy Helen is committing and why her argument doesn’t work. Answer: Helen is committing the fallacy of post hoc ergo propter hoc by assuming that just because fluoride was added to the water before the shooting, the fluoride must have caused the shooting. In actuality, the correlation between the two events alone does not prove her argument. SHORT ANSWER QUESTION Does the presence of a fallacy in the above argument automatically prove that the conclusion is false? Explain your answer.
Image of page 1
Answer: It does not, because a fallacy in an
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 3 pages?

  • Spring '14
  • PHI 210 Webtext 4.1-4.6, Helen, Ron

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture