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PHI 210 Critical Thinking “WebText” 4.1 “Fallacies”SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONIn the aftermath of a shooting at a local high school, Helen starts a movement to ban the fluoridation of water in the community. She uses statistics that demonstrate how more school shootings have occurred in the years since fluoride was added to the water. Assuming that this is the only evidence she provides in her argument, explain what fallacy Helen is committing and why her argument doesn’t work.Answer: Helen is committing the fallacy of post hoc ergo propter hoc by assuming that just because fluoride was added to the water before the shooting, the fluoride must have caused the shooting. In actuality, the correlation between the two events alone does not prove her argument.SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONDoes the presence of a fallacy in the above argument automatically prove that the conclusion is false? Explain your answer.