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BSN 407 Lesson 14_ Critical Analysis of Nursing Theory...

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Lidia Aleman Critical Analysis of Jean Watson’s Philosophy of Human Caring Theory1.Theory clarity: What is the theory about? What is the purpose of the theory?What are the concepts and sub-concepts? How are they related (propositions)?In her theory Jean Watson believed that, “Care and love constitute the primal anduniversal psychic energy and care and love are requisite for our survival and thenourishment of humanity” (Blais & Hayes, 2016). The practice of caring is essential tonursing and is the unifying focus for practice.The purpose of the theory is to help the patient develop, “Unity and harmony within themind, body, and soul” (Kubsch, n.d.). When there is harmony within an individual's innerself or soul then there will be a,“...high level of physical, mental and social performance;and absence of or an attempt to eliminate diseases” (Nikfarid et al., 2018). In order forthis purpose to be fulfilled nurses must serve as a, “... co-participant in care with thepatient who is the agent of change. The nurse assists patients to mental spiritual growth,finding meaning in existence and experiences, discovering inner power and control, andpotentiating instances of transcendence and self-healing” (Kubsch, n.d.).The conceptual components of the theory are carative factors, transpersonal caringrelationship, and caring moment/caring occasion. The 10 carative factors, now evolvedinto the 10 caritas processes, “... reflect a deeper connection among nursing praxis, caringscience, and the universal concept of love (Kubsch, n.d.), this newer focus includes agreater spiritual dimension, “... allowing for caring and love to transform the self andthose being cared for (Blais & Hayes, 2016). Transpersonal caring relationships convey aconcern for another, which reaches to the deeper connections of spirit with the broaderuniverse; it calls one to be authentic (Blais & Hayes, 2016). Watson’s theory stresses theimportance of the lived experience not only of the patient but of the nurse as well. Boththe nurse and patient come together in a caring moment, involving the choice and actionfrom each side.

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Nursing, jean watson

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