MUH2051Finalexamrvw

MUH2051Finalexamrvw - Lessons 34-43 Lesson 34-China...

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Lessons 34-43 Lesson 34-China-   Introduction to East Asian Cultures and Music (1) The geographic setting of East Asia: -  Within the huge geographic area of East Asia that includes  China South Korea , and  Japan  there are a  number of cultural similarities between certain ethnicities-- the greatest population of China (including  Taiwan ) includes the  Han  people, who have been the dominant class for the development of  Chinese  culture  as we know of it in the West. Throughout history, Korean culture and  Japanese culture  have been  greatly affected by the Chinese Han people. The geographic proximity of Korea and Japan with eastern  China is one of the major reasons for many cultural commonalties. (2) A general cultural and musical history of China, Korea, and Japan: -  East Asia experienced some of its earliest forces of acculturation in the Han Dynasty (206 B.C. to A.D  220), but the greatest outside influences began in the sixth century A.D., when visitors from Central Asia  and even further west from the region of ancient Persia and elsewhere came to China for trade and  sometimes, conquest. - While the three countries of China, Korea, and Japan are uniquely different in many ways, and very  nationalistic (there have been several wars between the three countries over the millennia), it is these  shared influences stemming from the T'ang Dynasty that make it possible to discuss these regions of East  Asia as an entity, in the broadest sense of the word. Chinese music  ( the Chinese word for music is  y ü eh ) is perhaps the most difficult to totally understand  because China is such a large country (both geographically and demographically) with recorded history  going back several millennia. - Chinese culture includes the regions Hong Kong, Macao, People's Republic of China, Republic  of China or Taiwan, Tibet, and even over one hundred minority groups. - The Chinese, like other people in East Asia, celebrate many  festivals , have many types of  musical theater or  opera , and enjoy numerous types of contemporary music and musical practices that  often include  dance  (please make these important links). Korean music  (the Korean word for music is  ak     )    constitutes a smaller number of categories for study, but  it, too, is complex, because of the millennia of influences in its development, both from within and outside  the country.  -Some of the musical cultures of Korea are based on beliefs and practices of shamanism , such as  its main classical form,  sanjo The Republic of Korea (South Korea) is an extremely modern country that 
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