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LU3EssayBTPhil20.pdf - Brynnley Tompkins Philosophy 20 LU3...

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Brynnley TompkinsPhilosophy 20LU3 EssayVernon Martin1/2/2021LU3 EssayWhen attempting to answer questions and formatting ideas on metaphysicaltopics, Presocratic philosophers were found to use one of two opposing approaches;empiricism or rationalism. Rationalism can be defined by the belief in innate ideas,reason, and deduction, whereas; empiricism exemplifies the belief of perception andforming notions from the senses, induction, and without innate ideas. Two Presocraticphilosophers that exhibited one of the two methods of seeking knowledge includedXenophanes who leaned towards empirical thought as he believed sense experience is areliable sense of knowing, and Pythagoreas who relied on rational thought in order tocome to his metaphysical conclusions on reality. While both rational and empiricalthought differed in how each person came to their ultimate conclusions on “ what is”,both shared the same goal in attempting to obtain information on what is true in their ownperspective.Xenophanes was a pre-socratic philosopher that was known for his use ofempercisim when discussing topics of the metaphysical. While Xenophanes is known tobe an empiricist, the method of relying on the senses to format beliefs and obtain trueknowledge, he was also well known in this regard for his skepticism on structuringmetaphysical claims overall. One claim that supported his wariness was on how hebelieved that humans in creating their gods, and animals if they were able, structure themto be nothing more than projections of what we already know that is derived from oursenses. ““If cows and horses or lions had hands, Or could draw with their hands andmake things as men can, Horses would have drawn horse-like gods, cows, cows-likegods, And each species would have made the gods' bodies just like their own."(Waterfield2000).He follows this statement by commenting, “"Ethiopians say that their gods are

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Term
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Tags
Philosophy, Metaphysics, Pre Socratic philosophy, Xenophanes

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