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Brynnley TompkinsPhilosophy 20Vernon MartinExam Part 2 EssayDecember, 11 2021Exam Essay; Option 1Aristotle, one of the greatest Greek philosophers in western history, was thewriter of the renowned works, “ The Nicomachean Ethics”. In his writings, Aristotlefocuses on the balance of virtues with their excess, deficiencies and means. Whentaking into account the scenario of Fred, a typically shy and timid individual, drinkingand getting into recurring occasions of fights with others, it is safe to claim that Aristotlewould not consider Fred’s fighting when drunk to be courageous. Aristotle would seeFred’s actions as lacking not only insufficient reasoning, but would also note an absenceofjustifiable motivation for his fighting.Fred’s actions could in addition be considered,a bad form of habit, straying away from virtuous traits such as courage.Fred’s out of character actions of fighting when drunk, would be said to not havea justified reason or motive to be considered courageous in Aristotle’s point of view.When considering instances of courage, it can be agreed that courage can be enactedin an unsuspected moment and as a result, have a person perform a courageous actionas an outcome. Courage can be defined as someone who fears the right thing at theright time, and is able to act in response to the situation in the right amount as well as inthe right way.Aristotle strongly believed that these factors are of great importancewhen considering a person to possess a virtue ; this can be seen in his translatedwritings where he states, “ By virtue I mean moral virtue since it is this that is concernedwith feelings and actions, and these involve excess deficiency, and a mean. It ispossible for example, to feel fear, confidence, desire, anger, pity, and pleasure and pain

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