Anthro 41A Midterm Study Guide - Anthro 41A Midterm Study...

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Anthro 41A Midterm Study Guide:The Orient Express-explains the origins of civilization in a way that favorsthe WEST.The European Miracle- Goes with the theory that Europe thought it wassuperior. States that something/some feature/some aspect of Europe set itapart from the rest of the world.Early Cradles of Civilization-Nile Valley, Mesopotamia, Indus Valley,Yellow River, TigrisMesopotamia/Babylon- Original birthplace of civilization.Persia·Known for being civilized like their king.·Promoted religious tolerance.·Defeated Babylonians·ZoroastrianismGreece·In 4thcentury, Alexander the Great ruled Greece.·Began to spread further into EuropeRome·Religion played a large role in the empire·Overthrew Greeks·Fall of Rome 476 AD= start of middle ages and stagnation in culture thenRenaissance.Domestication ofRice- China/Vietnam 9000 B.CWheat- Syria/Mesopotamia 9000 B.CCattle- India, Mid East and Africa 6000 B.CChickens- India, S.E Asia 4000-5000 B.CThe Indus Valley civilization·Main cities; Dholavira, Mohenjo-Daro, and Harappa·Over 1000 ancient IV cities identified, less than 10% have been excavated·Oldest city is Mehrgarh, 10000 years ago·Had running water, reservoirs, public baths, and a writing system·Had ships to trade goods with Mesopotamian cities·Many of the cities were abandoned when the Ghaggar-Hakra river began todry up few thousand years agoIn 5thCentury BC all the following happened;Xerxes
·Persian leader made Zoroastrianism, the first monotheistic religion, thenational religion of the Persian Empire.·Allowed freedom of religion in his empire.Leonidas– King of Greek city-state SpartaSocrates– Greek philosopher, one of the founders of western philosophyin Athens. (Democracy; “property owning Athenian men”)Buddha– Siddhartha Gautama teaching Buddhism in IndiaConfucian– Scholar teaching his philosophy in ChinaAbsolute monarchies –ruled by someone who dictates the life of citizensLimited monarchies -are similar to today’s constitutional monarchiesRepublics –What already existed in Athens .History vs. Historiography-History: What actually happened over historyHistoriography:Can be biased, supporting certain opinions and decisions over others,depending on that wrote it, its development in different cultures andepochs. Second, the study of the academic tools, methods and approachesthat have been and are being used, including the historical method.Blaut – *The Colonizer’s Model of the World**Chapters 2 & 3 (and Skim chapter 1)*Eurocentrism -A bias that tends to favor Europe.The belief that all the good things came from EuropeAmerican Exceptionalism –Talcott Parsons claimed that due to (only)Anglo-Saxon culture the US became exceptionalEnvironmental ReductionismSays that all aspects, behaviors, complexity, are all a result of location,culture can be explained by location. Environment as chief causal factor ofsociety.

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Term
Spring
Professor
douglas
Tags
Byzantine Empire, Middle Ages, Empire, Temperate Europe

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