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Social Work TheoriesArizona State UniversitySWG 640Elizabeth Langley
Knowledge BaseEvidence based practice (EBP) is the method of integrating research and expertise withclient based values. Although the origin of EPB is based on a medical model, social workershave been able to adapt it to using the evidence and best practices to further help the client orcommunity meet a determined need (Workers 2008).Social workers are able to utilize theknowledge base of past theorists and psychologists to enhance clients’ treatment plan. In orderfor social workers to fully utilize EBP history and research must show significant efficacy for thetargeted group. By reviewing theories and best clinical practice social workers are able to utilizetheory and clinical expertise to successfully and professionally assist a client with their goals.Even so, social work is an ever changing and evolving field. For example, prior to 2020 therewas very little research conducted around global pandemics.Covid19 and the subsequentvariants have impacted the mental health of people of all ages. Social workers deal with“complex problems and perplexing areas of human experience, and for this reason, social workis, and has to be, a highly skilled activity.” (Trevithick, pg 6 of 33, 2005). In addition to dealingwith the complexity of individuals, social workers must develop skills to communicate withknowledge and acceptance of all races, cultural diversity, sexual orientation, and individualbeliefs.Social workers look at science based theory and research to utilize the best practice tohelp their clients. Without, knowledge base and best practice are vital to maintainprofessionalism in the field of social work.Primary Social Work TheoriesThe three levels of theory that inform social work practice are theoretical framework andperspective, mid-level theories, and practice models and theory. According to Hardina (2002),While the theoretical framework provides a measurable outcome and guide to assist social
workers in their efforts to advocate for clients.Theoretical framework provides the structure thatsocial work utilizes to encompass the whole being of the client. As a comparison, the medicalframework views the medical problem of the patient, however in social work, the client is treatedat micro, mezzo, and macro levels. Social work framework and perspective encourages the socialworker to view the client in their environment, culture and ethnic beliefs, relationships etc.(LOEWENBERG, 1984).Systems theory, social learning theory, and conflict theory are just a few of the theoriesused in social work. These theories impact social work practice as they provide guidance forimplementing not only a treatment plan, but also provide the main concept of understandinghuman behavior. Ecological systems theory, for example, assists social workers in understandingmicro, macro, mezzo systems as they affect the client’s personal experience. Systems theory’sgoal is to help the social worker understand and distinguish the impact that all aspects of thesystem have on the client.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Kassman
Tags
Sociology, Psychotherapy, The Land, Social Workers

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