The morally right act is the one that maximizes the goodness of consequence
An act is right IF AND ONLY IF it maximizes the goodness of consequence
Right act = Maximization of good
What is intrinsically good?
X is good (valuable) for its own sake
X is good not merely because X contributes to other good (valuable) things
Money is contributory, not intrinsic
X is good not because X’s goodness is derived from other good (valuable) things
Whole thing is valuable, take a part of that, not intrinsic, depends on something else
Mental states (in your mind)
Eg. pain/pleasure (hedonist), happiness (a state, more than an instance), preference/satisfaction (A to B, B to C.
to C), desire/satisfaction (A to B, B to C, A desired)
J.S. Mill; we should maximize pleasure (some pleasure can be bad, eg. pedophile)
Is there a difference between experiencing pleasure and pleasurable thing?
Eg. say something bad about a friend, he doesn’t know, he doesn’t feel pleasure/pain but the fact that i
am telling something nasty about my friend, his state is not good
Can we ignore a person’s material conditions?
Adaptive preference formation
1. Eg. If you go to developing countries, gender inequalities, if you ask these women, they have
positive view about their life
1. Eg. suppose you like fancy wines, not satisfied with life, life is not particularly bad, unless you have
it everyday, life is not worth living
iii. Focus on mental state, must ignore material conditions
iii. Objective list
Eg. income, commodities (goods and services), material conditions (commodities and other objectively
identifiable conditions such as education, shelter, health care, beer etc.)