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Week 5; Abortion

Week 5; Abortion - Abortion A Abortion a b a To...

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Abortion A. Abortion a. To intentionally terminate a pregnancy by the removal or expulsion of an embryo or foetus from the uterus b. We focus on induced abortion, don’t consider spontaneous abortion (unintended, eg. miscarriage) B. Reasons for Abortion a. Therapeutic abortion (medical reasons) i. Save life of pregnant woman ii. Preserve woman’s physical/mental health iii. Terminate pregnancy that would result in a child born with severe disabilities iv. Selectively reduce the number of foetuses to lessen health risks associated with multiple pregnancy 1. Often as a result of infertility treatments b. Elective abortion (for any other reason) i. Rape ii. Unwanted pregnancy iii. Economic condition iv. “One-child policy” v. Sex selection C. Information a. Embryo (before 8 weeks); foetus (after 8 weeks) b. At the beginning of foetus stage i. All major structures (organs) are present ii. Foetus is 30 mm long, heart can be seen beating iii. Foetus makes general movements iv. Brain stem activity detected 54 days after conception c. Most abortions take place within first trimester (90% + in Canada) d. Court decisions in North America i. Roe v. Wade (1973); US Supreme Court ruled that laws banning abortion violated a right to privacy in the constitution ii. R v. Morgentaler (1988); Supreme Court of Canada ruled that the criminal code regarding abortion violated the security of person guaranteed to women under the Charter of Rights & Freedoms iii.
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