Week 9; Animal Welfare & Environment

Week 9; Animal Welfare & Environment - Animal Welfare &...

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A. Peter Singer a. Advocate of utilitarianism i. Act is right if and only if it maximizes total happiness b. Non-human animals have equal moral standing as humans a. Moral agent entails moral standing, but not vice versa b. Animals are not moral agents i. But animals have moral standing (it is wrong to kick a dog) ii. Why? 1. We are asking the criteria of moral standing now a. Direct moral standing i. X possesses direct moral standing if and only if X possesses features in virtue of which it deserves to be given moral consideration by agents who are capable of making moral choices b. Indirect moral standing i. X possesses indirect moral standing if and only if X deserves moral consideration only because it is related to something with direct moral standing D. Peter Singer’s Claim a. Non-human animals have direct moral standing b. Non-human animals have the same moral standing as humans c. “All animals are equal” E. Utilitarianism: Singer a. The only final value in the world is pleasure (positive value) and pain (negative value) i. Many non-human animals can feel pleasure and pain 1. Many non-human animals therefore have direct moral standing
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b. It is right to maximize the total sum of net pleasure – not only humans, but also non-human animals i. It is wrong to cause pain to animals F. Jeremy Bentham a. Proposed utilitarianism, states that it must consider pleasure and pain of non-human animals
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PHIL 237 taught by Professor Hirose during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

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Week 9; Animal Welfare & Environment - Animal Welfare &...

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