Week 10; World Poverty

Week 10; World Poverty - World Poverty A. World Poverty a....

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World Poverty A. World Poverty a. Half of the world (~3 billion) live on less than 2$ a day b. Poorest 40% of the world’s population account for 5% of global income i. Richest 20% account for 75% of world income c. 26500-30000 children die each day due to poverty B. Basic Costs a. Basic Education for all: 6 billion b. Water and sanitation for all: 9 billion c. Reproductive health for all women: 12 billion d. Basic health and nutrition: 13 billion C. Peter Singer a. Suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical care are bad b. If it is within our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it c. Thought experiment i. Imagines that I pass a pond in which a small child is drowning, whom I could save only at the cost of wading in and ruining my suit 1. I have a duty to save the child at the cost of my suit d. Singer holds that the 2 principles described above seem to imply duties equally as strong in the international arena e. If I could prevent at least one such death by sacrificing some money, then it appears my duty is as strong to donate the money to the impoverished foreigner as it would be to save the drowning child f. Accepting these two weak principles, Singer argues, seems to imply stronger financial duties of famine relief than are generally admitted by our moral theories D. Basic Features of Singer’s Argument
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course PHIL 237 taught by Professor Hirose during the Winter '08 term at McGill.

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Week 10; World Poverty - World Poverty A. World Poverty a....

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