Nicholas RussoMoloney2Chapter 31: American Life in the “Roaring Twenties”IntroductionEntering the 1920s, Americans shunned foreign ideas, lifestyles, and diplomatic ideas. They also shut the immigration door and sealed off the economy from the rest of the world, resulting in a decade of domestic prosperity. Incomes and living standards rose for many.The twenties were filled with new technologies, consumer products, forms of leisure, and entertainment. However, there were fears that the U.S. was losing its traditional ways.Seeing RedMany Americans feared communistic Russia after the Bolshevik revolution of 1917, which created a tiny Communist party in America. Fear could be seen in strikes, where Bolsheviks were often blamed. The “red scare” of 1919-1920 became a nationwide investigation on people’s Americanism. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer led the rounding up of suspects. He wanted to root out radicals.The red scare could be seen in events like the Buforddeportation of 249 alleged alien radicals to Russia in December 1919. In September of 1920, a bomb on Wall Street also raised fears.Many states responded with criminal syndicalism laws, which made it unlawful to advocate violence to secure social change. Many said that this violated free speech.The red scare was devastating for labor unions, which were labeled as communistic and soviet. One case which reflected anti-foreignism was that of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, who were convicted of murder in 1921. The jury and judge were prejudiced based on the defendants’ beliefs and heritage.The case lasted until 1927 before both men were put to death. Communists and radicals were given martyrs. The evidence was weak, and prejudice played a huge role.Hooded Hoodlums of the KKKThe new Ku Klux Klan was against Catholics, Jews, blacks, pacifists, Communists, internationalists, revolutionists, bootleggers, gamblers, adulterers, and birth-control. It was pro- Anglo Saxon, “native” American, and Protestant. They were extremely conservative to diversity and modernity.The KKK spread rapidly, and claimed about 5 million members in the mid=1920s. Their ways were adventurous, secret, and habitual. Their symbols were flag-waving parades and the burning cross.The KKK used the bloodied lash and tarring and feathering as weapons, and sang many rally songs. In thelate 1920s, however, they collapsed, mostly due to its intolerance and prejudice.Stemming the Foreign FloodIsolationism and nativism caused Americans to no longer need or appreciate the influx of immigrants coming into their war-torn country. Most were “new immigrants.”The Emergency Quota Act of 1921 restricted immigration, by only allowing 3% of a country’s total population in America in 1910. It was relatively favorable to new immigrants.