Unit 1 Primary Sources - Nicholas Russo Moloney2 Unit 1...

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Nicholas Russo Moloney2 Unit 1: Primary Sources Primary Source #1: A Slave is Taken to Barbados This source is from Olauda Equiano’s book, The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equaino or Gustavus Vassa the African . He talks about when he was 11, he and his sister were left alone at home and people forcibly took them away. They were separated and he went to a good master who treated him well. He was unfortunately sold and brought to the coast, he passed many nations and learned to speak different languages. He finds the customs of the Europeans to be strange and is amazed by a large river. When he arrived at the sea, he was put on a slave ship and was very frightened. He saw black people who were chained together and very sad. Overwhelmed, he fainted, but recovered and was assisted by other slaves, who assured him that the white men would not eat him. A crew member brought him liquor and it felt strange to him. He was deprived of hope for his country or his former slavery. He was put into the lower decks and the stench made him sick. He wouldn’t eat, and was flogged as punishment. He found ease from the harsh punishment when he met people from his nation. They said they were going to work, but Olauda feared for his life, he thought the whites were savage. When they arrived in Barbados, they were examined by merchants and planters. He is amazed at the differences from his home, especially horses, and was sold. Slaves cried out in opposition, saying this is a horrible cruelty. Primary Source #2: An English Landlord describes a Troubled England In the 1550s, a great depression devastated the wool industry, and England became flooded with impoverished people. A Lincolnshire Landlord writes a letter to his brother, describing how he has an influx of tenants because of the depression. The estate has become so much trouble, he wishes to lay the burden on his children. He says that many have resorted to selling everything and eating Dog’s flesh. He concludes by saying that it will take a long time until this gets better. Primary Source #3: The Starving Time Before Captain Smith left for England, Captain Davis landed to control the revolting Indians. The colonists were badly wounded, not only physically, but in terms of provisions. The few survivors were miserable, and ate anything they could get. People even resorted to cannibalism. The settlers endured for their providence, industry and government. He ends by saying that the government was responsible for their miseries. Primary Source #4: The Great Indian Uprising The Indians attacked the Virginia colonists in 1622, and Edward Waterhouse gives his report. He starts by describing how the English and the Indians had a good relationship at first, and how much of a shock it was when they were attacked. On the morning of March 22 nd 1622, the Indians came to breakfast as usual, and they then murdered without considering sex or age. They slew everyone they could, they knew were the men lived. 347 people were killed with their own weapons. Now the colonists would not be gentle, and would conquer their lands.

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