Unit 4 Supreme Court Cases - Nicholas Russo Moloney2 Unit 4...

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Nicholas Russo Moloney2 Unit 4 Supreme Court Cases The Civil Rights Cases, 1883 I. Historical Background From 1866-1875, Congress passed civil acts to reinforce the 13 th and 14 th amendments. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was against discrimination. In 1877, Reconstruction was over, and so southern states created laws that segregated blacks from whites. These were called Jim Crow laws. In the 1870s, the KKK terrorized blacks and intimidated them in the name of white supremacy. II. Circumstances of the Case This case was compiled of many different cases in regard to violation of federal laws. They were presented to the Supreme Court from 1882-1883. African Americans protested segregation and exclusion. The Chief Justice of the Court at this time was Morrison R. Waite. His court steered clear of controversial decisions, and often sided with what the public viewed was correct. The nation had grown tired of dealing with negroes. III. Decision and Rationale The Court declared that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was unconstitutional. The 13 th and 14 th amendments don’t provide legislation against discrimination. This decision limits the impact of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14 th Amendments.

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