Nicholas RussoMoloney2Unit 4 Supreme Court CasesThe Civil Rights Cases, 1883I. Historical BackgroundFrom 1866-1875, Congress passed civil acts to reinforce the 13thand 14thamendments.The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was against discrimination.In 1877, Reconstruction was over, and so southern states created laws that segregated blacks from whites. These were called Jim Crow laws.In the 1870s, the KKK terrorized blacks and intimidated them in the name of white supremacy.II. Circumstances of the CaseThis case was compiled of many different cases in regard to violation of federal laws. They were presented to the Supreme Court from 1882-1883.African Americans protested segregation and exclusion.The Chief Justice of the Court at this time was Morrison R. Waite.His court steered clear of controversial decisions, and often sided with what the public viewed was correct. The nation had grown tired of dealing with negroes.III. Decision and RationaleThe Court declared that the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was unconstitutional.The 13thand 14thamendments don’t provide legislation against discrimination.This decision limits the impact of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14thAmendments.