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Motor Learning cheat sheet

Motor Learning cheat sheet - Chapter 9 Attention Attention...

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Chapter 9 Attention A ttention is limited; when we simultaneously perform multiple tasks, we sometimes experience no difficulties in performing all the tasks, but we sometimes cannot do all the tasks as we would like Alternative Theories (Resource capacity theories) – difficulty doing multiple tasks simultaneously because of limitations due to availability of resources needed to carry out tasks; simultaneous performance of multiple tasks can occur as long as the resource capacity limit is not exceeded Kahneman’s Attention Theory – an example of a central resource capacity theory; equates attention with “cognitive effort”; proposed flexible attention capacity limits; arousal level is the factor that influences the amount of attention capacity for a specific performance situation; maximum amount is available only when arousal level is optimal for the situation (relate to inverted-U function of arousal – performance relationship Dual task procedure – simultaneous performance of two different tasks; primary task is the task of interest; secondary task performance is the basis to make inferences about the attention demands of the primary task Attentional Focus Width indicates that our attention can have a broad or narrow focus on environmental information; Direction indicates that out attention focus can be external or internal (attention may be focused on cues in the environment or on internal thoughts, plans, or problem solving activities) Open Motor Skills examples – returning a tennis serve, baseball batting, shooting a basketball, driving a car Closed Motor Skills examples
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