Aerobic respiration - 7 Be able to label all the complexes...

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Aerobic respiration – The electron transport chain Study Guide 1. About how many kg of ATP do we need on average each day? 83 kg 2. How much ATP do we store? 250 g 3. Make sure you understand the structure of the mitochondria – be able to label the parts if I give you a graphic of a mitochondria. 4. Make sure you understand the permeability of the outer and inner membrane 5. Know where the electron transport chain is located The inner mitochondrial membrane. 6. Explain the make up of the mitochondrial matrix The mitochondrial matrix is a gel-like solution consisting of 50% protein. These proteins are mainly enzymes responsible for the oxidation of pyruvate, amino acids, fatty acids and the Krebs cycle.
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Unformatted text preview: 7. Be able to label all the complexes of the ETC NADH dehydrogenase, cytochrome b-c1, cytochrome oxidase, and ATP synthase. 8. Name the two mobile carriers of the ETC Reduced coenzymes (NADH and FADH2) generated in glycolysis, the linking step, and the Krebs cycle. 9. There is no way around it – you have to know how the ETC works – know how hydrogen ions are pumped from the matrix into the intermembrane space; know where oxygen is used and how water if formed. It’s very important you understand how the hydrogen ion gradient is formed. 10. What adaptations occur with training? See highlight in notes....
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