BP Review Sheet - Blood pressure theory and measurement...

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Blood pressure theory and measurement procedures According to the movie how many children have high blood pressure? 1 in 20 How many have pre-hypertension? 485 What is the relevance of an abnormal blood pressure response during exercise? It may predict future resting blood pressure that is outside the normal range. Blood pressure is usually stated as two numbers – what does systolic blood pressure represent? Is it the top or the bottom number?? SBP is the force exerted by the blood during the contraction phase of the heart; SBP is the top number What does diastolic blood pressure represent? Is it the top or the bottom number? DBP is the force exerted by the blood during the relaxation phase of the heart; DBP is the bottom number Briefly describe the disadvantages of the wrist monitor They do not measure BP very accurately; they are sensitive to position and body temp, and are more expensive then other monitors Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages of the automatic monitor Advantages - The BP measurement is easy to read, because the numbers are shown on a screen; easy to use because the gauge and stethoscope is one unit; Disadvantages – the accuracy is changed by body movements or an irregular heart rate; range in price from about $30 to over $100 Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages of the aneroid sphygmomanometer Adv – easily carried from one place to another - cuff has a built in stethoscope; Range in price from $20 to $30; Disadv – it is a complicated device that can easily be damaged and become less accurate; the rubber bulb that inflates the cuff can be difficult to squeeze There are three types of common equipment that measure blood pressure – which one is the gold standard? The mercury sphygmomanometer
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BP Review Sheet - Blood pressure theory and measurement...

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