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Physiology of adaptation Study Guide

Physiology of adaptation Study Guide - Physiology of...

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Physiology of adaptation Study Guide 1. While you visually see a physical body in front of us at what level are you actually training your client? When looking at the athlete in the whole body form it is easy to forget that you are training the client at the microscopic cellular and chemical level. 2. What is homeostasis? – how does it work – provide two examples Homeostasis is an internal state of balance where the body’s systems work together to keep it functioning normally. The endocrine system is crucial to maintaining this internal balancing act by releasing chemicals called hormones. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that is responsible for maintaining a normal range of sugar in the bloodstream. 3. What is the General Adaptation Syndrome? It is the process by which the body responds to environmental stressors or influences that lead to change at the cellular level. The General Adaptation Syndrome outlines how and why the body responds to increased demands. 4. What was Selye’s focus? The concept of the general adaptation syndrome is the creation of Hans Selye. Selye emphasized that stress is neither negative nor positive, but simply a “non specific response of the body to any demand made upon it.” 5. What are the three stages to adaptation? Make sure you understand the examples that are given for each stage. The three stages to adaptation are the alarm, resistance and exhaustion stages. During the alarm stage homeostasis or cellular balance is upset. When training a client the alarm stage may be triggered by a new exercise. The resistance stage allows the body to
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