Music 50, study guide - Music 50 Music of Japan Summary Music of China Background 1.3 billion ppl w 56 recognized ethnic groups >93 Han Beijing capital

Music 50, study guide - Music 50 Music of Japan Summary...

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Music 50 Music of Japan Summary Music of China Background 1.3 billion ppl w/ 56 recognized ethnic groups; >93% Han Beijing- capital of the north Silk Road- ancient superhighway for cultural exchange Qin/Guqin 7 stringed zither Tuned CDFGcd Association with sages, scholars, poets Confucian philosophy- to play is the act of contemplation, self-purification, and self-regulation Techniques o Plucked w/ right 4 fingers o Stopped w/ left 4 fingers o Pinkies= forbidden fingers Ornaments o Vibrato o Portamenti o Harmonics Notation o Wenzipu(~6 th sentury) o Jianzipu (7 th -today) Right thumb hooks 6 th string in, left thumb stops it at marker 7. Right thumb plucks while left thumb slides from point left of marker 7 to marker 7. Few people know how to play Intangible cultural heritage are things that have been taught and passed down, like telling folk tales Pipa Four string fretted lute Associated w/ courtesans Tuned ADEa 23-25 frets Techniques o Harmonics o Tremolo-rapid plucking with all fingers
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o Portamento- sliding from note to note o Percussive pizzicato- pulling string away from body then letting slap back Repertoire o Big pieces Continuous Theme and variation Divided into many sections o Small Pieces- short and sectional form “wen” lyrical; “wu” martial Jiangnan Sizhu-(south of the river) silk + bamboo Teahouse music Silk- Pipa, sanxian(3 string fretless lute), erhu(2 string fiddle) Bamboo- dizi(bamboo flute), xiao (end blown bamboo flute), sheng(free reed mouth organ), yangqin(16 string zither struck with bamboo sticks) Shanghai Nightlife- 1920s-30s: “Jazz Age” “Jazz Age” and International Settlement and French Concession; (2) 1940s to 70s – Japanese invasion and Chinese Communist Party; (3) 1980s to 90s – Shanghai reemerged as a nocturnal metropolis, youth culture. “Cosmopolitan nightlife” – “the transnational, ethnically mixed, and culturally hybrid nature of nightlife practices” (Farrer and Field 2015). Musical Example: “Ye Shanghai” (Night Shanghai) from the 1930s. Liuxinggequ (“popular song”), which is combination of Western music elements in Chinese popular songs. Western elements: AABA form, instruments including violin, brass, winds, etc. o Shanghai jazz revival (that of the 1920-30s): “Old Tea House” (2004) uses a jazz style (swing rhythm, drums, double bass, and guitar), with a Chinese folk tune and instruments, including erhu and pipa. o Practice Questions: 1. The Chinese traditional instrument most associated with the literate elite is called the guqin. 2. Pipa repertoire includes two distinct categories: big pieces and small pieces.
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