World War I Summary - Salinas1 Kevin Salinas Prof Fuller...

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Salinas1Kevin SalinasProf. FullerHIST 363 - 1022/21/2016WORLD WAR IWorld War I BeginsIn late June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist in Sarajevo, Bosnia. Franz Ferdinand’s killer is backed by Serbian terrorist group ‘the Black Hand.’ Austria-Hungary issues Serbia with an ultimatum, calling Serbia to allow Austria-Hungary to be represented in proceedings against the guilty. Serbia agrees to most of the demands, but this one. On July 28, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, and the questionablepeace between Europe’s great powers collapsed. Within a week, Russia, Belgium, France, Great Britain, and Serbia (Allied Powers) had lined up against Austria-Hungary and Germany (Central Powers), thus initiating the outbreak of World War I.Western Front (1914-17)German military planners were ready when the declarations of war began flying across Europe. They intended to knock France out of the war through a maneuver known as the Schlieffen Plan, named after General Court Alfred von Schlieffen. The plan aimed to invade the Low Countries (Luxembourg and Belgium) in order to bypass the strong fortifications along the French border. After a rapid conquest of the Low Countries, the German advance would continueinto Northern France, swing around Paris to the west, and capture the French capital. The plan could have worked but German commander in chief, General Helmuth von Moltke, decided to send his forces east of Paris to engage and defeat the weakened French army head-on.
Salinas2Unfortunately, due to that bold move by the German commander, the German army exposed theirright side for a flank attack by the French and British Expeditionary Force, resulting in the First

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