Lecture 4.docx - Lecture 4 – resistance and collaboration...

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Lecture 4 – resistance and collaboration in occupied FranceoMay 10, 1940, the Germans Carried out a swift, decisive military victory overFrance, the Netherlands, and Belgium by using BlitzkriegoWithin three weeks France fell,. Paul Reynaud, French PM,resigned anddecorated WWI French hero Marshall Phillipe Petain took overoJune 18, Charles de Gaulle gave speech from BBC London, appeal of 18 June.Urged French men and women not to give up the fightoPetain signed an armistice with Nazi Germany Compiegne. Finished the thirdrepublic and began Vichy FranceVichy FranceoFrom June 1940 – November 1942oFrance divided into two zonesGerman occupied north-werst region. Controlled German militaryadministration in France under Commander otto von Stulpnagel (zoneoccupied)Southern region of France (zone libre) controlled by Petain andheadquarter in the spa town of Vichy. The Vichy government alsocontrolled French Algeria and retained control of French coloniesoThis structure remained in place until the allied landings in North Africa,(operation Torch), in November 1942. In response Hitler order case Anton, theinvasion of Corsica and southern France by German and Italian soldiers.by mid-November until liberation in August 1944, Germany occupied all of FranceDark yearsoVichy government was under authoritarian collaborationist regime. Petain becamea dictator, ignored parliament. FoThe Vichy government curbed right of French men and womenoVichy went against all the principles introduced in the French revolutions of 1789.Militaristic, anti-Semitic, xenophobic, anti-democratic, authoritarian dictatorship,church values and nuclear familyoThe German occupation of France was known as the dark years. The Frenchpeople refused to acknowledge their role in collaborating, both passively andactively with the NazisoFrench people lived under the shadow occupation or under the Vichy rule. Someresisted, some collaborated and many other fell somewhat in between.

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