Answer of the question.novel - Answer of the question It is...

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Answer of the questionIt is Anti-war for the following reasons:The overriding theme of All Quiet on the Western Front is the terrible brutality of war,which informs every scene in the novel. Whereas war novels before All Quiet on the WesternFront tended to romanticize what war was like, emphasizing ideas such as glory, honor, patrioticduty, and adventure, All Quiet on the Western Front sets out to portray war as it was actuallyexperienced, replacing the romantic picture of glory and heroism with a decidedly unromanticvision of fear, meaninglessness, and butchery. In many ways, World War I demanded thisdepiction more than any war before it—it completely altered mankind's conception of militaryconflict with its catastrophic levels of carnage and violence, its battles that lasted for months, andits gruesome new technological advancements (e.g., machine guns, poison gas, trenches) thatmade killing easier and more impersonal than ever before. Remarque's novel dramatizes theseaspects of World War I and portrays the mind-numbing terror and savagery of war with arelentless focus on the physical and psychological damage that it occasions. At the end of thenovel, almost every major character is dead, epitomizing the war's devastating effect on thegeneration of young men who were forced to fight it.Warfare is incredibly senseless and deprives people of their lives and identities, and the scale ofdestruction can hardly be measured;“A man cannot realize that above such shattered bodies thereAre still human faces in which life goes its daily round? And thisIs only one hospital, one single station; there are hundreds ofThousands in Germany, hundreds of thousands in France,Hundreds of thousands in Russia.’’In many ways, the precipitating cause of World War I was the ethic of nationalism, theidea that competing nation-states were a fundamental part of existence that one owed one's firstloyalty to one's nation, and that one's national identity was the primary component of one'soverallidentity.In its depiction of the horror of war, All Quiet on the Western Front presents a scathing critiqueof the idea of nationalism, showing it to be a hollow, hypocritical ideology, a tool used by thosein power to control a nation's populace. Paul and his friends are seduced into joining the army bynationalist ideas, but the experience of fighting quickly schools them in nationalism's irrelevancein the face of the war's horrors. The relative worthlessness on the battlefield of the patriotsKantorek and Himmelstoss accentuates the inappropriateness of outmoded ideals in modernwarfare. Remarque illustrates that soldiers on the front fight not for the glory of their nation butrather for their own survival; they kill to keep from being killed. Additionally, Paul and hisfriends do not consider the opposing armies to be their real enemies; in their view, their real
enemies are the men in power in their own nation, who they believe have sacrificed them to thewar simply to increase their own power and glory.

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