PoliticsNov29 - Politics Nov 27 2007 Rights what is a right...

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Politics Nov. 27, 2007 Rights - what is a right - why do we write them down in charters of rights and universal declarations? - To have a right is to have a claim to someone else’s recognition of your status - Are rights meaningful if there’s no agent to claim it against? - Natural rights: nature and god doesn’t protect our rights so what does it mean to assert them in the first place? - We have certain rights that are given to us by nature, that are pre-contract - The only government that would be rational enough for us to consent to would be one that would protect those rights - It would be rational for us to consent to limited government - Hobbes: the claim of rights mean nothing in a state of nature without anything to protect them - So liberal democracy protects those rights and at the same time is prevented from abusing its power - We have to design our governments that people can’t use it to abuse it - Checks and Balances are internal limits of government - Constitutionally entrenched rights – bills of rights o External boundaries for government power
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course POL 105Y1 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto.

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PoliticsNov29 - Politics Nov 27 2007 Rights what is a right...

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