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PoliticsOct9 - Politics Oct 9 2007 Leeecture Under what...

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Politics Oct. 9, 2007 Leeecture: Under what circumstances is government legitimate? In democracy we face the challenge that we fundamentally disagree in important policies Is it possible to reach a decision that the losing side can accept as a legally and morally binding accepting? Under what circumstances should you obey this decision? Legitimate democracy must begin with the respect for the freedom and equality for the individual Deliberative and aggretive democracy Sources of Moral Disagreement: - incompatible values (ie. Religious disagreement) - Socio-economic interests: Scarcity (due to struggle over scarce resources) - Limited altruism - Limited altruism and scarcity = conflict in interests - Incomplete understanding (we just don’t know enough) Proceduralism as a solution to these problems - basic idea: even if we can’t agree on what the right decision should be maybe we can agree on a procedure to a solution that is fair - Procedural Justice: Pure procedural justice – process whose outcome is fair
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