Religion FEBRUARY 11 - OUTLINE FOR FEBRUARY 11 EARLY...

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OUTLINE FOR FEBRUARY 11 EARLY FORMATION OF CHRISTIANITY 0. ISRAEL MEDITERRANEAN ROMAN EMPIRE 1. ESTABLISHMENT OF BISHOPS 2. MAJOR BISHOPS: ROME; ANTIOCH (SYRIA); ALEXANDRIA (EGYPT) 3. CENTRALIZED AUTHORITY (BISHOP OF ROME) EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH 0. (RUSSIA, BULGARIA, UKRAINE, ROMANIA, GREECE) 1. CONSTANTINOPLE (CENTRE OF EASTERN EMPIRE UNTIL 1453) 2. THEOLOGICAL DIVISIONS 0. filioque” – FROM THE SON 3. ISSUES OF AUTHORITY 4. “ORTHODOX” – PRESERVE SPIRIT OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY 1. MYSTICAL EMPHASIS 2. ICONS MYSTICISM IN THE MIDDLE AGES 5. CHRISTIAN ROOTS OF “MYSTICISM” - Originally a French word - Sometimes associated with Transcendence? - French theologians would be concerned with uncovering a hidden or late meaning in scriptures - Can be traced back to Greek Mystery Cults: Secret religion o Participating in one means you gain knowledge but you don’t share with outsiders - there’s a hidden component of reality that the mystic might access o Hidden reality = God - Notable mystics: 4 th century – scriptures are being finalized but most important the Council of Trent, the Niscene Creed 6. DIONYSIUS AND INEFFABILITY (APOPHASIS)
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- early Christian mystic - talks about a spiritual awareness of the divine o awareness beyond naming o it’s not cognitive or mystic o he wanted to avoid thinking that his awareness of God was just the name and attributes of God o God is ineffable – unable to be captured or defined by our words o God absolutely is beyond our comprehension or definition 7. EXPERIENCE (AND IMMANENCE) Key component of mysticism – religious experiences = mystical experiences 15 th centurty mysticism was defined as an experiential knowledge of God through the embrace of love Thomas Aquinas – Ultimate intellectual in the Christian tradition Mysticism is the knowledge of God through experience Inga: The attempt to realize the immanence of the temporal in the eternal Involves some sort of transportation of the divine into the finite human world Mysticism has a real object as the divine is always beyond words Mysticism is a tradition of trying to describe these experiences with God Some say the mystics stumble over their words when trying to articulate what God is Mystics write tons of literature
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