Religion FEBRUARY 11 - OUTLINE FOR FEBRUARY 11 EARLY FORMATION OF CHRISTIANITY ISRAEL MEDITERRANEAN ROMAN EMPIRE ESTABLISHMENT OF BISHOPS MAJOR

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OUTLINE FOR FEBRUARY 11 EARLY FORMATION OF CHRISTIANITY 0. ISRAEL MEDITERRANEAN ROMAN EMPIRE 1. ESTABLISHMENT OF BISHOPS 2. MAJOR BISHOPS: ROME; ANTIOCH (SYRIA); ALEXANDRIA (EGYPT) 3. CENTRALIZED AUTHORITY (BISHOP OF ROME) EASTERN ORTHODOX CHURCH 0. (RUSSIA, BULGARIA, UKRAINE, ROMANIA, GREECE) 1. CONSTANTINOPLE (CENTRE OF EASTERN EMPIRE UNTIL 1453) 2. THEOLOGICAL DIVISIONS 0. filioque” – FROM THE SON 3. ISSUES OF AUTHORITY 4. “ORTHODOX” – PRESERVE SPIRIT OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY 1. MYSTICAL EMPHASIS 2. ICONS MYSTICISM IN THE MIDDLE AGES 5. CHRISTIAN ROOTS OF “MYSTICISM” - Originally a French word - Sometimes associated with Transcendence? - French theologians would be concerned with uncovering a hidden or late meaning in scriptures - Can be traced back to Greek Mystery Cults: Secret religion o Participating in one means you gain knowledge but you don’t share with outsiders - there’s a hidden component of reality that the mystic might access o Hidden reality = God - Notable mystics: 4 th century – scriptures are being finalized but most important the Council of Trent, the Niscene Creed 6. DIONYSIUS AND INEFFABILITY (APOPHASIS)
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- early Christian mystic - talks about a spiritual awareness of the divine o awareness beyond naming o it’s not cognitive or mystic o he wanted to avoid thinking that his awareness of God was just the name and attributes of God o God is ineffable – unable to be captured or defined by our words o God absolutely is beyond our comprehension or definition 7. EXPERIENCE (AND IMMANENCE) Key component of mysticism – religious experiences = mystical experiences 15 th centurty mysticism was defined as an experiential knowledge of God through the embrace of love Thomas Aquinas – Ultimate intellectual in the Christian tradition Mysticism is the knowledge of God through experience Inga: The attempt to realize the immanence of the temporal in the eternal Involves some sort of transportation of the divine into the finite human world Mysticism has a real object as the divine is always beyond words Mysticism is a tradition of trying to describe these experiences with God Some say the mystics stumble over their words when trying to articulate what God is Mystics write tons of literature Maybe the issue isn’t so much the fact that God is ineffable, maybe mysticism is
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course RLG 100 taught by Professor Pearly during the Spring '08 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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Religion FEBRUARY 11 - OUTLINE FOR FEBRUARY 11 EARLY FORMATION OF CHRISTIANITY ISRAEL MEDITERRANEAN ROMAN EMPIRE ESTABLISHMENT OF BISHOPS MAJOR

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