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Friedrich Nietzsche Essay - Robert J England II HON 212...

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Robert J. England II HON 212 Section 007 Edith Elwood Nietzsche Response Tuesday, January 16, 2007 It has been said numerous times that the pen is mightier than the sword. However, as many people have found out the hard way, the tongue is probably the sharpest of the three. The human mouth is one of the most dangerous weapons ever conceived, as it is the source of deceit and falsehoods, or lies. Friedrich Nietzsche wrote on this subject in an essay called “On Truth and Lying in an Extra-Moral Sense.” In this text, Nietzsche discusses the nature of what is true and what is false, and how culture views these opposites. Nietzsche noted the influence of actual words in whether something is true or false; it is generally the relation of objects to concepts defined for them that can be labeled as correct or incorrect. However, this connection appears to be just that – a label. It is a label weak enough to be rather easily sliced by the language. Webster's Dictionary (10 th Collegiate Edition) defines truth as (1) sincerity in action, character, and utterance; (2) the body of real things, events, and facts; or (3) the property of a statement of being in accord with fact or reality. Conversely, a lie is (1) an untrue or inaccurate statement or (2) something that misleads or deceives. This from the start eliminates many such “falsehoods” from being lies. Common poetic speech uses metaphors and similes to convey thoughts; the literal use of the words is false, but they can correctly and truthfully convey particular thoughts and feelings. Sarcasm, while usually not positive, does the same thing. Another blurry aspect of true or false occurs in drama; an actor may walk onto the stage or set and claim to be an individual when the actor is somebody else.
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