Second Paper - Robert J England II HON 212 Section 007...

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Robert J. England II HON 212 Section 007 Edith Elwood Paper One Tuesday, April 24, 2007 Imagining Reality There are two very important, yet very separate, ways to describe the universe. Each is very important, and even necessary to a point, to explain various natural and unnatural phenomena, but the leaders and many of the followers of each looks upon the other often with disgust, claiming that the other is full of lies and deceptions. These are the areas of science and religion, still very strong, still often strongly against each other. Many believe that these two areas can never be reconciled without some massive change in one of the two; I believe that this massive change has already occurred. This change is the new area of quantum mechanics, which threw a heavy wrench into almost every area of classical science, and left problems in the classical ways of scientific thought. It wrecked almost all preconceived notions of the world, and caused both scientists and philosophers to rethink their views on the world. I think that this change, along with shaking up the entire scientific world, allows for some reconciliation between the two “opposites,” and some interesting connections can be made between quantum mechanics and religion. Quantum mechanics is primarily a study of the minuscule particles that make up our universe. Scientists have discovered that particles on the subatomic level act very unlike any observable macroscopic object, but instead act entirely on discreet levels known as quanta. A particle may have value A or value B for an attribute, but it is impossible for the particle to have any value between A and B. Therefore, particles must
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instantaneously “jump” from one state into another, without reaching any states in between. However, as Richard Feynman pointed out in Six Easy Pieces , the end distribution is smooth, while we should expect discreet points where the particles arrive. This leads to possibly the most unique aspect of quantum mechanics – there is no way to tell exactly which state the particle will be in at a future time, even as soon as a nanosecond later. While the probability that a particle will be in a particular state can be calculated precisely, there is no definite way to tell which state will occur without letting the system continue and finding the state later. Science can no longer exactly determine the future as it could classically. It is even impossible to fully understand the present state of a system in quantum mechanics. Observation of an object requires a signal to be sent to and returned from the object, usually a signal such as a light or motion wave. As quantum particles are the smallest particles in existence, any available way to make an observation would require a signal the same or greater size as the particles, and thus a signal that would significantly affect the particle. The famous Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle states that every attribute of a state cannot be simultaneously measured precisely; and when one
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Second Paper - Robert J England II HON 212 Section 007...

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