Sociology Essay - Robert J. England II HON 212 Section 007...

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Robert J. England II HON 212 Section 007 Edith Elwood Sociology Response Wednesday, January 24, 2007 What is a society? A society is a collection of people with some similarity that brings them together. Societies consist of a number of interactions among a number of people, whether large or small. It is important to study such interactions for better understanding of major fields such as psychology, politics, and history. As such, we now have the social science known as sociology, the study of social interactions in human culture. As it is a science, sociology has a set of facts, called social facts, to govern the discipline and define its boundaries and laws. Social facts can be discovered by strong research of a society, and can lead to better discoveries about the nature of the human world. Such pioneers as Émile Durkheim, Maximilian Weber, and Philip Zimbardo have worked hard to discover new social facts, and we are indebted to their important work in this field. Émile Durkheim, one of the primary founders of modern sociology, created and promoted the idea of the “social fact” in his studies. By Durkheim's definition, a social fact is a social norm or institution, created by the society as constraints upon the individuals within. A group of people with some similarity make a society, and the similarity serves to define that society. As new people enter the society through methods such as birth, marriage, and immigration, they must conform to that similarity or face expulsion from the society. As such, this similarity perpetuates itself over time, gradually becoming stronger, to the point which it begins to influence other aspects of the societal life. Eventually, the similarities that exist within a society become an intertwined web,
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Sociology Essay - Robert J. England II HON 212 Section 007...

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