PsychSci4e_lecppt_ch15 - Gazzaniga Heatherton Halpern...

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Chapter 15 Treatment of Psychological Disorders ©2013 W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. Gazzaniga • Heatherton • Halpern FOURTH EDITION Psychological Science Psychological Science
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15.1 How Are Psychological Disorders Treated? Distinguish between forms of psychotherapy. Describe the major categories of psychotropic drugs. Identify alternative biological treatments for mental disorders. Distinguish between specialized mental health practitioners.
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How Are Psychological Disorders Treated? Psychological disorders need to be managed over time through treatment Treatment depends on the type and severity of symptoms as well as on the diagnosis Most mental disorders can be treated in more than one way Psychologists use two basic categories of techniques to treat mental disorders: psychological and biological
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Psychotherapy Is Based on Psychological Principles Psychotherapy generally is aimed at changing patterns of thought or of behavior It has been estimated that there are more than 400 approaches to treatment Many therapists follow an eclectic approach and use a variety of techniques The relationship between the therapist and the client is known to affect the outcome of therapy
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Psychodynamic Therapy Focuses on Insight Freud and Breuer pioneered the method of psychoanalysis Treatment involved uncovering unconscious feelings and drives that gave rise to maladaptive thoughts and behaviors Techniques included free association and dream analysis General goal of psychoanalysis is to help clients gain insight into their unconscious and how these processes affect daily functioning, thus freeing them from these unconscious influences Contemporary therapists examine patients’ needs, defenses, and motives as a way of understanding why they’re distressed Psychodynamic therapy has become increasingly controversial (expensive, time consuming, scant evidence of effectiveness) Proponents argue that this short-term psychodynamic therapy can be useful for treating certain disorders
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Health Benefits of Talking and Expressing Emotions Researchers have found positive health effects for people who disclose emotional events College students who were randomly assigned to write about an emotional event visited the university health center fewer times than students assigned to write about other topics, even though there were no group differences in how often the students visited the health center before participating in the study (Pennebaker & Beall, 1986). Talking or writing about emotionally charged events reduces blood pressure, muscle tension, and skin conduction during the disclosure and immediately thereafter Improves immune function, even in people with HIV
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Humanistic Therapies Focus on the Whole Person The goal of humanistic therapy is to treat the person as a whole, not as a collection of behaviors or a repository of repressed thoughts Client-centered therapy encourages people to fulfill their
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