Ch_322b_18.01

Ch_322b_18.01 - Chapter 18 Carboxylic Acids and their...

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Chapter 18 Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives: Nucleophilic Substitution at Acyl Carbon Carboxylic acids are a family of organic compounds with the functional group The carbon-oxygen double bond is made up of a ! -bond and a " -bond. The carbon atom is sp 2 hybridized, which explains the trigonal planar geometry at this center.
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Nomenclature of Carboxylic Acids Common names are frequently used for the simpler carboxylic acids that have been known for hundreds of years. In common names, the positions of substituents are often given by ! , " , # .... C C C C COOH ! " # $ examples CH 3 CH 2 CHCOOH Cl ! -chlorobutyric acid CH 2 CH 2 COOH "# phenylpropionic acid
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Aromatic Acids: Benzoic Acids The carboxylic acids derived from benzene are named as derivatives of benzoic acid , using the standard notations to indicate positions of substituent groups. IUPAC Names The usual rules for this systematic naming system are used. The longest continuous chain with the carboxyl group is the parent.
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course CHEM 322BL taught by Professor Singer during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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Ch_322b_18.01 - Chapter 18 Carboxylic Acids and their...

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