2.04.08 - miswrite Intentional variations Copiers rewrite...

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Biblical Perspectives McGinnis Notes- 2/04/08 Textual Criticism - How did the community hold some writings as authoritative and others as not? There were criteria for canonization. In the 2 nd century, many Christians referenced letters and gospels. Which copies of the text do we use? Autograph= “original text”. There are NO autographs of any book of the Bible whether N.T. or O.T. What would you want to know about the text to determine if it is the closest and most accurate copy of the text to the autograph? Language (N.T. writings will be most accurate in Greek, its written language), date (older is better), geographical location of found text, number of witnesses (copiers). Variations in text Unintentional variations- Happens through the passage of time as copiers accidentally
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Unformatted text preview: miswrite. Intentional variations- Copiers rewrite text at an attempt to make it flow better. Theological changes- Intentional variations by the copier. Example: The story of the rich man found in Mark. Jesus says, “Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone.” The text could have been changed or it could have meant something else. Principles for text critics: 1. Shorter text is better. 2. The more widely-dispersed, the better. 3. the more difficult to read, the better. 4. Dating – how old the manuscripts are 5. Geography and number of witnesses Mark 16:1-8 Short Ending Long Ending Dating: 4 th Century 7 th and 8 th Century 5 th Century...
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